Thermocatalytic Performance of LaCo1−xNixO3−δ Perovskites in the Degradation of Rhodamine B

Benjamin Hjelm Christensen, Francesca Deganello, Valeria La Parola, Mads Koustrup Jørgensen, Vittorio Boffa, Martin Bonderup Østergaard*


Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


Perovskite-type LaCo1−xNixO3−δ (x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8) powders were synthesized by solution combustion synthesis. The crystal structure, morphology, texture, and surface were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction combined with Rietveld refinement, scanning electron microscopy, N2-adsorption, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and zeta-potential analysis. The thermocatalytic properties of the perovskites were investigated by UV–Vis spectroscopy through degradation of rhodamine B in the temperature range 25–60 °C. For the first time, this perovskite system was proven to catalyze the degradation of a water pollutant, as the degradation of rhodamine B occurred within 60 min at 25 °C. It was found that undoped LaCoO3−δ is the fastest to degrade rhodamine B, despite exhibiting the largest energy band gap (1.90 eV) and very small surface area (3.31 m2 g−1). Among the Ni-doped samples, the catalytic performance is balanced between two main contrasting factors, the positive effect of the increase in the surface area (maximum of 12.87 m2 g−1 for 80 mol% Ni) and the negative effect of the Co(III) stabilization in the structure (78% in LaCoO3 and 89–90% in the Ni-containing ones). Thus, the Co(II)/Co(III) redox couple is the key parameter in the dark ambient degradation of rhodamine B using cobaltite perovskites.
Udgave nummer2
StatusUdgivet - 2023


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