To stay in touch - intensive care patients' interactions with nurses during mobilisation

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BACKGROUND: Minimal sedation has made it possible to communicate and cooperate with intensive care patients and mobilisation can start earlier during their stay in the intensive care unit.

PURPOSE: To investigate the intensive care patient's reaction and interaction to mobilisation.

METHOD: This study used focused ethnography combining observations, interviews and four scores for evaluating awareness, and pain levels were included: Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale Confusion Assessment Method For The Intensive Care Unit, Numeric Rating Scale and Critical Pain Observation Tool. Twelve patients were observed during mobilisation, with subsequent interviews of the involved nurses.

FINDINGS: Nurses run the risk of overlooking the patient's reactions, such as pain, discomfort or needs during mobilisation. Nurses use several different ways of communicating to create contact with the patients. Patients with an impaired awareness level become more aware during mobilisation.

CONCLUSIONS: If the nurse's attention is focused on the technical side of caregiving, there is a risk that she might overlook the patient's reactions and needs. If the nurse is aware of the risk of overlooking the patient's reactions, she may plan the mobilisation to ensure that the patient gets the necessary attention and is included in the process. In that way, the patient might avoid unnecessary discomfort and maintain trust and confidence in the nurse.

TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)948-955
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2020


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