Training of Deep Neural Networks in Electromagnetic Problems: a Case Study in Antenna Array Pattern Synthesis

Zhao Zhou, Zhaohui Wei, Yufeng Zhang, Peng Wang, Jian Ren, Yingzeng Yin, Gert Frølund Pedersen, Ming Shen

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Abstrakt

This paper discusses the training of deep neutral
networks (DNNs) for electromagnetic problems. The main concerns
include how to modify EM problems to take the advantage
of the deep learning techniques and how to tailor conventional
deep learning concepts with electromagnetic domain knowledge,
which has been overlooked by most existing DNN based EM
research. A 1 8 patch antenna array has been adopted as the
test vehicle for investigation, with the aim to use deep learning
for radiation pattern synthesis. It is analyzed via electromagnetic
simulation first to collect sufficient training data sets containing
different combinations of excitation signals and corresponding
radiation patterns. These data are then pre-processed and passed
to DNNs for training to imitate the mapping between excitation
signals and radiation patterns. With careful feature selection and
DNN architecture optimizations, two DNN models are obtained
eventually. One of them aims at forward radiation synthesis
in any certain excitation condition, and the other seeks out
backward excitation signals needed for a given radiation pattern,
and both achieved an accuracy over 80%. This paper may
provide enlightenment and reference in applying deep learning
to electromagnetic problems in terms of feature selection and
architecture modification.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Titel2021 IEEE MTT-S International Wireless Symposium (IWS)
Antal sider3
ForlagIEEE
Publikationsdato2021
ISBN (Trykt)978-1-6654-3528-4
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-1-6654-3527-7
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2021
Begivenhed2021 IEEE MTT-S International Wireless Symposium (IWS) - Nanjing, Kina
Varighed: 23 maj 202126 maj 2021

Konference

Konference2021 IEEE MTT-S International Wireless Symposium (IWS)
LandKina
ByNanjing
Periode23/05/202126/05/2021

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