Using geographical information systems to analyse accessibility to health services in the West Bank, occupied Palestinian territory

L Eklund, U Mårtensson

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Accessibility to adequate health services is a basic human right. Israeli road blocks and checkpoints inhibit access to health care for the Palestinian population. While other studies have dealt with the impact of the barriers, few are based on actual measurements of transport times between locations. Geographical information systems (GIS) and network analysis were used to generate different estimations of accessibility based on the existing road network and transport barriers. The population negatively affected were mainly people living outside urban centres and in governorates with no general hospital. Quantitative measurements using GIS can be used to confirm qualitative studies based on interviews and questionnaires and improve the understanding of the results. Working with a spatial analysis tool also helps to pinpoint weaknesses in the current infrastructure, thus improving the efficiency of future investments to improve health care in the West Bank.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit
Vol/bind18
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)796-802
Antal sider7
ISSN1020-3397
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2012

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Geographic Information Systems
Health Services Accessibility
Middle East
Spatial Analysis
Information Services
General Hospitals
Population
Health Services
Interviews
Delivery of Health Care
Surveys and Questionnaires

Citer dette

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title = "Using geographical information systems to analyse accessibility to health services in the West Bank, occupied Palestinian territory",
abstract = "Accessibility to adequate health services is a basic human right. Israeli road blocks and checkpoints inhibit access to health care for the Palestinian population. While other studies have dealt with the impact of the barriers, few are based on actual measurements of transport times between locations. Geographical information systems (GIS) and network analysis were used to generate different estimations of accessibility based on the existing road network and transport barriers. The population negatively affected were mainly people living outside urban centres and in governorates with no general hospital. Quantitative measurements using GIS can be used to confirm qualitative studies based on interviews and questionnaires and improve the understanding of the results. Working with a spatial analysis tool also helps to pinpoint weaknesses in the current infrastructure, thus improving the efficiency of future investments to improve health care in the West Bank.",
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AU - Mårtensson, U

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AB - Accessibility to adequate health services is a basic human right. Israeli road blocks and checkpoints inhibit access to health care for the Palestinian population. While other studies have dealt with the impact of the barriers, few are based on actual measurements of transport times between locations. Geographical information systems (GIS) and network analysis were used to generate different estimations of accessibility based on the existing road network and transport barriers. The population negatively affected were mainly people living outside urban centres and in governorates with no general hospital. Quantitative measurements using GIS can be used to confirm qualitative studies based on interviews and questionnaires and improve the understanding of the results. Working with a spatial analysis tool also helps to pinpoint weaknesses in the current infrastructure, thus improving the efficiency of future investments to improve health care in the West Bank.

KW - Arabs

KW - Geographic Information Systems

KW - Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data

KW - Health Services Needs and Demand

KW - Humans

KW - Middle East

KW - Time Factors

KW - Transportation/statistics & numerical data

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DO - 10.26719/2012.18.8.796

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JO - Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit

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