Using LTE Networks for UAV Command and Control Link

A Rural-Area Coverage Analysis

Huan Cong Nguyen, Rafhael Medeiros de Amorim, Jeroen Wigard, Istvan Kovacs, Preben Elgaard Mogensen

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceartikel i proceedingForskningpeer review

5 Citationer (Scopus)

Resumé

In this paper we investigate the ability of Long-Term Evolution (LTE) network to provide coverage for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in a rural area, in particular for the Command and Control (C2) downlink. The study takes into consideration the dependency of the large-scale path loss on the height of the UAV, which is derived from actual measurements, and a real-world cellular network layout and configuration. The results indicate that interference is the dominant factor limiting the cellular coverage for UAVs in the downlink: outage level increases from 4.2% at 1.5 m height to 51.7% at 120 m under full load condition. Lower network loads or larger inter-site distances reduces the interference and thus improves the coverage significantly: outage at 120 m is reduced to only 1.9% under network load of 25% for example. Similar effects are expected to be achievable by static or dynamic interference coordination schemes. In addition, ideal Interference Cancellation (IC) scheme with ability to remove completely the dominant interferer shows less effective for UAVs than for users on the ground. On the other hand, macro network diversity has very good potential for drones, as not only it improves the coverage, but also the reliability of the C2 link.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelIEEE 86th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC-Fall), 2017
Antal sider6
ForlagIEEE
Publikationsdato27 sep. 2017
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-1-5090-5935-5
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 27 sep. 2017
Begivenhed2017 IEEE 86th Vehicular Technology Conference - Toronto, Canada
Varighed: 24 sep. 201727 sep. 2017
http://www.ieeevtc.org/vtc2017fall/

Konference

Konference2017 IEEE 86th Vehicular Technology Conference
LandCanada
ByToronto
Periode24/09/201727/09/2017
Internetadresse

Fingerprint

Long Term Evolution (LTE)
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)
Outages
Macros

Citer dette

Nguyen, H. C., Amorim, R. M. D., Wigard, J., Kovacs, I., & Mogensen, P. E. (2017). Using LTE Networks for UAV Command and Control Link: A Rural-Area Coverage Analysis. I IEEE 86th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC-Fall), 2017 IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/VTCFall.2017.8287894
Nguyen, Huan Cong ; Amorim, Rafhael Medeiros de ; Wigard, Jeroen ; Kovacs, Istvan ; Mogensen, Preben Elgaard. / Using LTE Networks for UAV Command and Control Link : A Rural-Area Coverage Analysis. IEEE 86th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC-Fall), 2017. IEEE, 2017.
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title = "Using LTE Networks for UAV Command and Control Link: A Rural-Area Coverage Analysis",
abstract = "In this paper we investigate the ability of Long-Term Evolution (LTE) network to provide coverage for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in a rural area, in particular for the Command and Control (C2) downlink. The study takes into consideration the dependency of the large-scale path loss on the height of the UAV, which is derived from actual measurements, and a real-world cellular network layout and configuration. The results indicate that interference is the dominant factor limiting the cellular coverage for UAVs in the downlink: outage level increases from 4.2{\%} at 1.5 m height to 51.7{\%} at 120 m under full load condition. Lower network loads or larger inter-site distances reduces the interference and thus improves the coverage significantly: outage at 120 m is reduced to only 1.9{\%} under network load of 25{\%} for example. Similar effects are expected to be achievable by static or dynamic interference coordination schemes. In addition, ideal Interference Cancellation (IC) scheme with ability to remove completely the dominant interferer shows less effective for UAVs than for users on the ground. On the other hand, macro network diversity has very good potential for drones, as not only it improves the coverage, but also the reliability of the C2 link.",
author = "Nguyen, {Huan Cong} and Amorim, {Rafhael Medeiros de} and Jeroen Wigard and Istvan Kovacs and Mogensen, {Preben Elgaard}",
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Nguyen, HC, Amorim, RMD, Wigard, J, Kovacs, I & Mogensen, PE 2017, Using LTE Networks for UAV Command and Control Link: A Rural-Area Coverage Analysis. i IEEE 86th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC-Fall), 2017. IEEE, Toronto, Canada, 24/09/2017. https://doi.org/10.1109/VTCFall.2017.8287894

Using LTE Networks for UAV Command and Control Link : A Rural-Area Coverage Analysis. / Nguyen, Huan Cong; Amorim, Rafhael Medeiros de; Wigard, Jeroen; Kovacs, Istvan; Mogensen, Preben Elgaard.

IEEE 86th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC-Fall), 2017. IEEE, 2017.

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceartikel i proceedingForskningpeer review

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T1 - Using LTE Networks for UAV Command and Control Link

T2 - A Rural-Area Coverage Analysis

AU - Nguyen, Huan Cong

AU - Amorim, Rafhael Medeiros de

AU - Wigard, Jeroen

AU - Kovacs, Istvan

AU - Mogensen, Preben Elgaard

PY - 2017/9/27

Y1 - 2017/9/27

N2 - In this paper we investigate the ability of Long-Term Evolution (LTE) network to provide coverage for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in a rural area, in particular for the Command and Control (C2) downlink. The study takes into consideration the dependency of the large-scale path loss on the height of the UAV, which is derived from actual measurements, and a real-world cellular network layout and configuration. The results indicate that interference is the dominant factor limiting the cellular coverage for UAVs in the downlink: outage level increases from 4.2% at 1.5 m height to 51.7% at 120 m under full load condition. Lower network loads or larger inter-site distances reduces the interference and thus improves the coverage significantly: outage at 120 m is reduced to only 1.9% under network load of 25% for example. Similar effects are expected to be achievable by static or dynamic interference coordination schemes. In addition, ideal Interference Cancellation (IC) scheme with ability to remove completely the dominant interferer shows less effective for UAVs than for users on the ground. On the other hand, macro network diversity has very good potential for drones, as not only it improves the coverage, but also the reliability of the C2 link.

AB - In this paper we investigate the ability of Long-Term Evolution (LTE) network to provide coverage for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in a rural area, in particular for the Command and Control (C2) downlink. The study takes into consideration the dependency of the large-scale path loss on the height of the UAV, which is derived from actual measurements, and a real-world cellular network layout and configuration. The results indicate that interference is the dominant factor limiting the cellular coverage for UAVs in the downlink: outage level increases from 4.2% at 1.5 m height to 51.7% at 120 m under full load condition. Lower network loads or larger inter-site distances reduces the interference and thus improves the coverage significantly: outage at 120 m is reduced to only 1.9% under network load of 25% for example. Similar effects are expected to be achievable by static or dynamic interference coordination schemes. In addition, ideal Interference Cancellation (IC) scheme with ability to remove completely the dominant interferer shows less effective for UAVs than for users on the ground. On the other hand, macro network diversity has very good potential for drones, as not only it improves the coverage, but also the reliability of the C2 link.

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Nguyen HC, Amorim RMD, Wigard J, Kovacs I, Mogensen PE. Using LTE Networks for UAV Command and Control Link: A Rural-Area Coverage Analysis. I IEEE 86th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC-Fall), 2017. IEEE. 2017 https://doi.org/10.1109/VTCFall.2017.8287894