Wave Disturbance Reduction of a Floating Wind Turbine Using a Reference Model-based Predictive Control

Søren Christiansen, Seyed Mojtaba Tabatabaeipour, Thomas Bak, Torben Knudsen

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceartikel i proceedingForskningpeer review

9 Citationer (Scopus)
223 Downloads (Pure)

Resumé

Floating wind turbines are considered as a new and promising solution for reaching higher wind resources beyond the water depth restriction of monopile wind turbines. But on a floating structure, the wave-induced loads significantly increase the oscillations of the structure. Furthermore, using a controller designed for an onshore wind turbine yields instability in the fore-aft rotation. In this paper, we propose a general framework, where a reference model models the desired closed-loop behavior of the system. Model predictive control combined with a state estimator finds the optimal rotor blade pitch such that the state trajectories of the controlled system tracks the reference trajectories. The framework is demonstrated with a reference model of the desired closed-loop system undisturbed by the incident waves. This allows the wave-induced motion of the platform to be damped significantly compared to a baseline floating wind turbine controller at the cost of more pitch action.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelAmerican Control Conference (ACC), 2013
Antal sider6
ForlagIEEE
Publikationsdato2013
Sider2214-2219
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-1-4799-0177-7
StatusUdgivet - 2013
Begivenhed The 2013 American Control Conference - Washington, USA
Varighed: 17 jun. 201319 jun. 2013

Konference

Konference The 2013 American Control Conference
LandUSA
ByWashington
Periode17/06/201319/06/2013
NavnAmerican Control Conference
ISSN0743-1619

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Wind turbines
Trajectories
Controllers
Model predictive control
Closed loop systems
Turbomachine blades
Rotors
Water

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    Christiansen, S., Tabatabaeipour, S. M., Bak, T., & Knudsen, T. (2013). Wave Disturbance Reduction of a Floating Wind Turbine Using a Reference Model-based Predictive Control. I American Control Conference (ACC), 2013 (s. 2214-2219). IEEE. American Control Conference
    Christiansen, Søren ; Tabatabaeipour, Seyed Mojtaba ; Bak, Thomas ; Knudsen, Torben. / Wave Disturbance Reduction of a Floating Wind Turbine Using a Reference Model-based Predictive Control. American Control Conference (ACC), 2013 . IEEE, 2013. s. 2214-2219 (American Control Conference).
    @inproceedings{910b764a4b424147a4e7a165e2c5ec2d,
    title = "Wave Disturbance Reduction of a Floating Wind Turbine Using a Reference Model-based Predictive Control",
    abstract = "Floating wind turbines are considered as a new and promising solution for reaching higher wind resources beyond the water depth restriction of monopile wind turbines. But on a floating structure, the wave-induced loads significantly increase the oscillations of the structure. Furthermore, using a controller designed for an onshore wind turbine yields instability in the fore-aft rotation. In this paper, we propose a general framework, where a reference model models the desired closed-loop behavior of the system. Model predictive control combined with a state estimator finds the optimal rotor blade pitch such that the state trajectories of the controlled system tracks the reference trajectories. The framework is demonstrated with a reference model of the desired closed-loop system undisturbed by the incident waves. This allows the wave-induced motion of the platform to be damped significantly compared to a baseline floating wind turbine controller at the cost of more pitch action.",
    keywords = "Wind energy, Wind turbine control, Floating turbine",
    author = "S{\o}ren Christiansen and Tabatabaeipour, {Seyed Mojtaba} and Thomas Bak and Torben Knudsen",
    year = "2013",
    language = "English",
    pages = "2214--2219",
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    Christiansen, S, Tabatabaeipour, SM, Bak, T & Knudsen, T 2013, Wave Disturbance Reduction of a Floating Wind Turbine Using a Reference Model-based Predictive Control. i American Control Conference (ACC), 2013 . IEEE, American Control Conference, s. 2214-2219, Washington, USA, 17/06/2013.

    Wave Disturbance Reduction of a Floating Wind Turbine Using a Reference Model-based Predictive Control. / Christiansen, Søren; Tabatabaeipour, Seyed Mojtaba; Bak, Thomas; Knudsen, Torben.

    American Control Conference (ACC), 2013 . IEEE, 2013. s. 2214-2219.

    Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceartikel i proceedingForskningpeer review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Wave Disturbance Reduction of a Floating Wind Turbine Using a Reference Model-based Predictive Control

    AU - Christiansen, Søren

    AU - Tabatabaeipour, Seyed Mojtaba

    AU - Bak, Thomas

    AU - Knudsen, Torben

    PY - 2013

    Y1 - 2013

    N2 - Floating wind turbines are considered as a new and promising solution for reaching higher wind resources beyond the water depth restriction of monopile wind turbines. But on a floating structure, the wave-induced loads significantly increase the oscillations of the structure. Furthermore, using a controller designed for an onshore wind turbine yields instability in the fore-aft rotation. In this paper, we propose a general framework, where a reference model models the desired closed-loop behavior of the system. Model predictive control combined with a state estimator finds the optimal rotor blade pitch such that the state trajectories of the controlled system tracks the reference trajectories. The framework is demonstrated with a reference model of the desired closed-loop system undisturbed by the incident waves. This allows the wave-induced motion of the platform to be damped significantly compared to a baseline floating wind turbine controller at the cost of more pitch action.

    AB - Floating wind turbines are considered as a new and promising solution for reaching higher wind resources beyond the water depth restriction of monopile wind turbines. But on a floating structure, the wave-induced loads significantly increase the oscillations of the structure. Furthermore, using a controller designed for an onshore wind turbine yields instability in the fore-aft rotation. In this paper, we propose a general framework, where a reference model models the desired closed-loop behavior of the system. Model predictive control combined with a state estimator finds the optimal rotor blade pitch such that the state trajectories of the controlled system tracks the reference trajectories. The framework is demonstrated with a reference model of the desired closed-loop system undisturbed by the incident waves. This allows the wave-induced motion of the platform to be damped significantly compared to a baseline floating wind turbine controller at the cost of more pitch action.

    KW - Wind energy

    KW - Wind turbine control

    KW - Floating turbine

    M3 - Article in proceeding

    SP - 2214

    EP - 2219

    BT - American Control Conference (ACC), 2013

    PB - IEEE

    ER -

    Christiansen S, Tabatabaeipour SM, Bak T, Knudsen T. Wave Disturbance Reduction of a Floating Wind Turbine Using a Reference Model-based Predictive Control. I American Control Conference (ACC), 2013 . IEEE. 2013. s. 2214-2219. (American Control Conference).