What kind of knowledge do small companies need to improve their working environment?

Ann-Beth Antonsson, Peter Hasle

    Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceartikel i proceedingForskningpeer review

    Resumé

    Background
    One of the main obstacles identified for small companies´ improvement of the working environment is lack of knowledge.
    Aim
    To discuss what kind of knowledge is required by small companies if they are to be able to improve their working environment and the pros and cons of different kinds of knowledge from a small company perspective.
    Discussion
    There are several different ways of describing knowledge. From a working environment point of view, knowledge can be divided into knowledge about risks, risk assessment and control measures. Control measures can in turn be divided into knowledge about the concrete control measures and the management routines needed in the company. Another kind of analytical framework has been presented by Rasmussen, who divides knowledge into skill-based, rule-based and knowledge-based behaviour. Rasmussen describes that skill-based knowledge is the automated knowledge that is so integrated that we do not even reflect upon it. Rule-based knowledge requires a decision to apply and follow a rule whereas the knowledge-based require more time and reflection to arrive at a conclusion. The risk of making mistakes and arriving at wrong conclusions is increasing when moving towards knowledge-based behaviour. Additionally the time required increases when moving from skill- to knowledge-based behaviour. On the other hand, skill-based behaviour lacks the ability to solve problems and adapt to new situations.
    In the working environment risk assessment as well as the development of management routines are typically knowledge-based activities, whereas the application of good practice is more of skill or rule-based.
    For small companies, time as well as knowledge is an important constraint for the work environment management. Therefore the conclusion could be to focus on and provide skill- and rule-based knowledge to small companies. Description of good practices is one way of doing this. The good practices should however focus on control measures in order to be helpful to small enterprises. In fact, small companies often ask for concrete advice on how to solve problems, rather than routines for risk assessment or risk management. However, there is a lot of criticism towards this kind of good practice, ranging from that it can easily be used for behavioural control to the problem with odd working environments and the need for tailoring the solutions to each workplace.
    The pros and cons with providing different kinds of knowledge will be discussed from a theoretical point of view. This question will be further scrutinized in the project SESAME, which aims at developing strategies to improve the working environment in SME:s.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TitelUnderstanding Small Enterprises : USE 2015
    Antal sider1
    Publikationsdato2015
    StatusUdgivet - 2015
    BegivenhedUnderstanding Small Enterprises : USE 2015 - Hanze University of Applied Sciences, Groningen, Holland
    Varighed: 21 okt. 201523 okt. 2015
    Konferencens nummer: 3
    http://www.useconference.com/page.php?1

    Konference

    KonferenceUnderstanding Small Enterprises
    Nummer3
    LokationHanze University of Applied Sciences
    LandHolland
    ByGroningen
    Periode21/10/201523/10/2015
    Internetadresse

    Citer dette

    Antonsson, A-B., & Hasle, P. (2015). What kind of knowledge do small companies need to improve their working environment? I Understanding Small Enterprises: USE 2015
    Antonsson, Ann-Beth ; Hasle, Peter. / What kind of knowledge do small companies need to improve their working environment?. Understanding Small Enterprises: USE 2015. 2015.
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    title = "What kind of knowledge do small companies need to improve their working environment?",
    abstract = "BackgroundOne of the main obstacles identified for small companies´ improvement of the working environment is lack of knowledge. AimTo discuss what kind of knowledge is required by small companies if they are to be able to improve their working environment and the pros and cons of different kinds of knowledge from a small company perspective.DiscussionThere are several different ways of describing knowledge. From a working environment point of view, knowledge can be divided into knowledge about risks, risk assessment and control measures. Control measures can in turn be divided into knowledge about the concrete control measures and the management routines needed in the company. Another kind of analytical framework has been presented by Rasmussen, who divides knowledge into skill-based, rule-based and knowledge-based behaviour. Rasmussen describes that skill-based knowledge is the automated knowledge that is so integrated that we do not even reflect upon it. Rule-based knowledge requires a decision to apply and follow a rule whereas the knowledge-based require more time and reflection to arrive at a conclusion. The risk of making mistakes and arriving at wrong conclusions is increasing when moving towards knowledge-based behaviour. Additionally the time required increases when moving from skill- to knowledge-based behaviour. On the other hand, skill-based behaviour lacks the ability to solve problems and adapt to new situations.In the working environment risk assessment as well as the development of management routines are typically knowledge-based activities, whereas the application of good practice is more of skill or rule-based.For small companies, time as well as knowledge is an important constraint for the work environment management. Therefore the conclusion could be to focus on and provide skill- and rule-based knowledge to small companies. Description of good practices is one way of doing this. The good practices should however focus on control measures in order to be helpful to small enterprises. In fact, small companies often ask for concrete advice on how to solve problems, rather than routines for risk assessment or risk management. However, there is a lot of criticism towards this kind of good practice, ranging from that it can easily be used for behavioural control to the problem with odd working environments and the need for tailoring the solutions to each workplace.The pros and cons with providing different kinds of knowledge will be discussed from a theoretical point of view. This question will be further scrutinized in the project SESAME, which aims at developing strategies to improve the working environment in SME:s.",
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    Antonsson, A-B & Hasle, P 2015, What kind of knowledge do small companies need to improve their working environment? i Understanding Small Enterprises: USE 2015. Understanding Small Enterprises , Groningen, Holland, 21/10/2015.

    What kind of knowledge do small companies need to improve their working environment? / Antonsson, Ann-Beth; Hasle, Peter.

    Understanding Small Enterprises: USE 2015. 2015.

    Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceartikel i proceedingForskningpeer review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - What kind of knowledge do small companies need to improve their working environment?

    AU - Antonsson, Ann-Beth

    AU - Hasle, Peter

    PY - 2015

    Y1 - 2015

    N2 - BackgroundOne of the main obstacles identified for small companies´ improvement of the working environment is lack of knowledge. AimTo discuss what kind of knowledge is required by small companies if they are to be able to improve their working environment and the pros and cons of different kinds of knowledge from a small company perspective.DiscussionThere are several different ways of describing knowledge. From a working environment point of view, knowledge can be divided into knowledge about risks, risk assessment and control measures. Control measures can in turn be divided into knowledge about the concrete control measures and the management routines needed in the company. Another kind of analytical framework has been presented by Rasmussen, who divides knowledge into skill-based, rule-based and knowledge-based behaviour. Rasmussen describes that skill-based knowledge is the automated knowledge that is so integrated that we do not even reflect upon it. Rule-based knowledge requires a decision to apply and follow a rule whereas the knowledge-based require more time and reflection to arrive at a conclusion. The risk of making mistakes and arriving at wrong conclusions is increasing when moving towards knowledge-based behaviour. Additionally the time required increases when moving from skill- to knowledge-based behaviour. On the other hand, skill-based behaviour lacks the ability to solve problems and adapt to new situations.In the working environment risk assessment as well as the development of management routines are typically knowledge-based activities, whereas the application of good practice is more of skill or rule-based.For small companies, time as well as knowledge is an important constraint for the work environment management. Therefore the conclusion could be to focus on and provide skill- and rule-based knowledge to small companies. Description of good practices is one way of doing this. The good practices should however focus on control measures in order to be helpful to small enterprises. In fact, small companies often ask for concrete advice on how to solve problems, rather than routines for risk assessment or risk management. However, there is a lot of criticism towards this kind of good practice, ranging from that it can easily be used for behavioural control to the problem with odd working environments and the need for tailoring the solutions to each workplace.The pros and cons with providing different kinds of knowledge will be discussed from a theoretical point of view. This question will be further scrutinized in the project SESAME, which aims at developing strategies to improve the working environment in SME:s.

    AB - BackgroundOne of the main obstacles identified for small companies´ improvement of the working environment is lack of knowledge. AimTo discuss what kind of knowledge is required by small companies if they are to be able to improve their working environment and the pros and cons of different kinds of knowledge from a small company perspective.DiscussionThere are several different ways of describing knowledge. From a working environment point of view, knowledge can be divided into knowledge about risks, risk assessment and control measures. Control measures can in turn be divided into knowledge about the concrete control measures and the management routines needed in the company. Another kind of analytical framework has been presented by Rasmussen, who divides knowledge into skill-based, rule-based and knowledge-based behaviour. Rasmussen describes that skill-based knowledge is the automated knowledge that is so integrated that we do not even reflect upon it. Rule-based knowledge requires a decision to apply and follow a rule whereas the knowledge-based require more time and reflection to arrive at a conclusion. The risk of making mistakes and arriving at wrong conclusions is increasing when moving towards knowledge-based behaviour. Additionally the time required increases when moving from skill- to knowledge-based behaviour. On the other hand, skill-based behaviour lacks the ability to solve problems and adapt to new situations.In the working environment risk assessment as well as the development of management routines are typically knowledge-based activities, whereas the application of good practice is more of skill or rule-based.For small companies, time as well as knowledge is an important constraint for the work environment management. Therefore the conclusion could be to focus on and provide skill- and rule-based knowledge to small companies. Description of good practices is one way of doing this. The good practices should however focus on control measures in order to be helpful to small enterprises. In fact, small companies often ask for concrete advice on how to solve problems, rather than routines for risk assessment or risk management. However, there is a lot of criticism towards this kind of good practice, ranging from that it can easily be used for behavioural control to the problem with odd working environments and the need for tailoring the solutions to each workplace.The pros and cons with providing different kinds of knowledge will be discussed from a theoretical point of view. This question will be further scrutinized in the project SESAME, which aims at developing strategies to improve the working environment in SME:s.

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    M3 - Article in proceeding

    BT - Understanding Small Enterprises

    ER -

    Antonsson A-B, Hasle P. What kind of knowledge do small companies need to improve their working environment? I Understanding Small Enterprises: USE 2015. 2015