Who defines the need for fishery reform? Participants, discourses and networks in the reform of the Greenland fishery

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

6 Citationer (Scopus)

Resumé

This article investigates recent reforms of the Greenland coastal fisheries in order to contribute to the general lessons on reform and policy networks in the context of a changing Arctic stakeholdership. It analyses participation in fisheries governance decision-making by examining the emergence of discourses and policy networks that come to define the very need for reform. A policy network is identified across state ministries, powerful officials, banks and large scale industry that defined the need for fisheries reform within a ‘grand reform’ discourse. But inertia characterised the actual decision-making process as reform according to this ‘grand reform’ discourse was blocked by a combination of small-scale fishers’ informal networks and the power of the parliamentary majority. After a parliamentary shift in power the new government implemented the ‘grand reform’ gradually whilst new patterns of participation and exclusion emerged. In this process, the identities of the participating participants were reinterpreted to fit the new patterns of influence and participation. The article argues that fishery reform does not necessarily start with the collective recognition of a problem in marine resource use and a power-neutral process of institutional learning. Instead, it argues that fishery reform is likely to be the ‘reform of somebody’ and that this ‘somebody’ is itself a changing identity.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPolar Record
Vol/bind50
Udgave nummerSpecial Issue 4
Sider (fra-til)391-402
Antal sider12
ISSN0032-2474
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2014

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fishery
reform
discourse
decision making
coastal fishery
marine resource
resource use
inertia
learning
participation
large-scale industry
need
industry
policy
Arctic
decision-making process
ministry
bank
exclusion
governance

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title = "Who defines the need for fishery reform?: Participants, discourses and networks in the reform of the Greenland fishery",
abstract = "This article investigates recent reforms of the Greenland coastal fisheries in order to contribute to the general lessons on reform and policy networks in the context of a changing Arctic stakeholdership. It analyses participation in fisheries governance decision-making by examining the emergence of discourses and policy networks that come to define the very need for reform. A policy network is identified across state ministries, powerful officials, banks and large scale industry that defined the need for fisheries reform within a ‘grand reform’ discourse. But inertia characterised the actual decision-making process as reform according to this ‘grand reform’ discourse was blocked by a combination of small-scale fishers’ informal networks and the power of the parliamentary majority. After a parliamentary shift in power the new government implemented the ‘grand reform’ gradually whilst new patterns of participation and exclusion emerged. In this process, the identities of the participating participants were reinterpreted to fit the new patterns of influence and participation. The article argues that fishery reform does not necessarily start with the collective recognition of a problem in marine resource use and a power-neutral process of institutional learning. Instead, it argues that fishery reform is likely to be the ‘reform of somebody’ and that this ‘somebody’ is itself a changing identity.",
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Who defines the need for fishery reform? Participants, discourses and networks in the reform of the Greenland fishery. / Jacobsen, Rikke Becker; Raakjær, Jesper.

I: Polar Record, Bind 50, Nr. Special Issue 4, 10.2014, s. 391-402.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Who defines the need for fishery reform?

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