Juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) is a hereditary hamartomatous polyposis syndrome characterized by gastrointestinal juvenile polyps and increased risk of gastrointestinal cancer. Germline pathogenic variants are detected in SMAD4 or BMPR1A, however in a significant number of patients with JPS, the etiology is unknown. From Danish registers, and genetic department and laboratories, we identified all patients in Denmark with a clinical diagnosis of JPS and/or a pathogenic variant in BMPR1A or SMAD4. In patients where no variant had been detected, we performed genetic analysis, including whole genome sequencing. We collected clinical information on all patients to investigate the phenotypic spectrum. Sixty-six patients (mean age 40 years) were included of whom the pathogenic variant was unknown in seven patients. We detected a pathogenic variant in SMAD4 or PTEN in additional three patients and thus ≈ 95% of patients had a pathogenic germline variant. Endoscopic information was available in fifty-two patients (79%) and of these 31 (60%) fulfilled the clinical criteria of JPS. In 41 patients (79%), other types of polyps than juvenile had been removed. Our results suggest that almost all patients with a clinical diagnosis of JPS has a pathogenic variant in mainly BMPR1A, SMAD4, and more rarely PTEN. However, not all patients with a pathogenic variant fulfil the clinical criteria of JPS. We also demonstrated a wide clinical spectrum, and that the histopathology of removed polyps varied.