The dissertation addresses the topic of the individual level perception of work engagement in caregiving organizations. Engaged employees are described as highly energetic individuals who are enthusiastic about their work, and are able to completely immerse themselves in their work activities. Engagement is thus of particular interest in caregiving organizations, which rely on high quality service and personal investment on the part of the caregivers. Although a vast amount of research has been aimed at defining and refining our understanding of work engagement, limited knowledge exists regarding the process in which engagement is experienced, and how this experience is influenced by context. To address this gap, the overall research question guiding this dissertation is formulated accordingly: “How do caregivers’ perceptions of their work context influence their experience of work engagement?” With this question, the dissertation aims to provide an in-depth understanding of how engagement is experienced. In doing so, the study goes beyond the typical engagement research, which often explains engagement through the lens of the resources and demands of work.