Experimental Technique/Method:X-RAY DIFFRACTION
Release Date:2000-03-08
Deposition Date:1999-04-29
Revision Date:2008-04-26#2011-07-13
Molecular Weight:66012.63
Macromolecule Type:Protein
Residue Count:600
Atom Site Count:4885

The structure of the neutral peroxidase from Arabidopsis thaliana (ATP N) has been determined to a resolution of 1.9 A and a free R value of 20.5%. ATP N has the expected characteristic fold of the class III peroxidases, with a C(alpha) r.m.s.d. of 0.82 A when compared with horseradish peroxidase C (HRP C). HRP C is 54% identical to ATP N in sequence. When the structures of four class III plant peroxidases are superimposed, the regions with structural differences are non-randomly distributed; all are located in one half of the molecule. The architecture of the haem pocket of ATP N is very similar to that of HRP C, in agreement with the low small-molecule substrate specificity of all class III peroxidases. The structure of ATP N suggests that the pH dependence of the substrate turnover will differ from that of HRP C owing to differences in polarity of the residues in the substrate-access channel. Since there are fewer hydrogen bonds to haem C17 propionate O atoms in ATP N than in HRP C, it is suggested that ATP N will lose haem more easily than HRP C. Unlike almost all other class III plant peroxidases, ATP N has a free cysteine residue at a similar position to the suggested secondary substrate-binding site in lignin peroxidase.
Date made available8 Mar 2000

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