Mapping Activities and Skills of the Industrial Symbiosis Facilitator Role: A Systematic Literature Review



While research on emergence and facilitation of Industrial Symbiosis is plenty, a holistic description of facilitator actions, let alone skills, is missing. Therefore, a systematic literature review (Snyder, 2019) was conducted, taking departure in a Web of Science search with the search string (“orchestrat*” or “facilitat*”) and “industrial symbiosis”, covering articles in English language. From the resulting 124 articles, those were selected that 1) view the facilitator as an (inter-)organizational phenomenon, 2) present insights on actions and skills of a facilitating entity, and 3) are based on an analysis of empirical data, leaving a remainder of 20 articles. While reviewing articles for these criteria, it was checked if they refer to other potentially relevant sources. Through this backward snowballing, 7 additional articles were identified. From this final list of 27 articles, 156 quotes referring to actions and skills of the IS facilitator were extracted. An inductive grouping and analysis of these quotes pointed at five main types of tasks and related activities and skills.

(This database includes background material of a literature review that is used in the article "Uncovering the Role of the Industrial Symbiosis Facilitator in Literature and Practice in Nordic Countries: An Action-Skill Framework". Please refer to the article for the results and further analysis of this literature review.)
Date made available28 Jun 2022
Date of data production1 May 2022 - 1 Jul 2022


  • Industrial symbiosis
  • Facilitator
  • Orchestrator
  • Systematic literature review
  • Eco-industrial parks
  • Circular economy
  • Actions and activities
  • Capabilities
  • Skills
  • Literature review

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