Project Details


The project investigates the circular use of materials via upcycling between companies as a simple case of industrial symbiosis. A problem in upcycling is that all the different companies of the network desire to claim for themselves the benefits of such symbiosis. This problem can be approached differently in LCA depending on the guide followed. The project compares three of them (ISO14040-44, PEF Method, and GHG Protocol) on three real-world case studies to understand their soundness and the implications on modelling results when using one or the other.
Effective start/end date01/05/202330/04/2024

Collaborative partners

  • The UPCYCL

UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This project contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 9 - Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
  • SDG 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production


  • Circular Economy
  • Upcycling
  • Industrial simbyosis
  • Allocation
  • Material substitution
  • Carbon footprint
  • Life Cycle Assessment


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