1D model for investigation of energy consumption and wear in die designs used for biomass pelleting

S. K. Nielsen, M. Mandø, A. B. Rosenørn

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article in JournalResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This paper presents a model for simulating the physical processes occurring in wood pellet die. A 1D model of a press channel has been set up, which is capable of simulating the e.ect of di.erent press channel designs. The energy consumed in the press channel is divided into two contributions; compression and friction, from where the total energy consumption is evaluated together with the .nal density of the pellet. The model is validated by experimental single pelleting tests, where soft wood pellets were produced in four single dies with di.erent inlet designs. The simulated pellet density is determined via a pressure dependent density function of the pelleting material, developed from experimental compression tests. The simulations show that the pellet compression mainly occurs in the inlet part of the die, and friction is the major contributor to the energy consumption. The locations with high pressure in the simulations correlate well to observations of wear on full scale dies. The presented work can contribute to knowledge about the pelleting behavior of existing and new materials and development of energy e.cient dies with extended durability.
Original languageEnglish
Book seriesEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings
Volume2018
Issue number26thEUBCE
Pages (from-to)550-558
Number of pages9
ISSN2282-5819
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2018
Event26th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 14 May 201818 May 2018

Conference

Conference26th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
CountryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period14/05/201818/05/2018

Fingerprint

Pelletizing
Biomass
Energy utilization
Wear of materials
Ore pellets
Friction
Softwoods
Probability density function
Wood
Durability
Compaction

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Energy
  • Modelling
  • Pellet
  • Solid biofuel

Cite this

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title = "1D model for investigation of energy consumption and wear in die designs used for biomass pelleting",
abstract = "This paper presents a model for simulating the physical processes occurring in wood pellet die. A 1D model of a press channel has been set up, which is capable of simulating the e.ect of di.erent press channel designs. The energy consumed in the press channel is divided into two contributions; compression and friction, from where the total energy consumption is evaluated together with the .nal density of the pellet. The model is validated by experimental single pelleting tests, where soft wood pellets were produced in four single dies with di.erent inlet designs. The simulated pellet density is determined via a pressure dependent density function of the pelleting material, developed from experimental compression tests. The simulations show that the pellet compression mainly occurs in the inlet part of the die, and friction is the major contributor to the energy consumption. The locations with high pressure in the simulations correlate well to observations of wear on full scale dies. The presented work can contribute to knowledge about the pelleting behavior of existing and new materials and development of energy e.cient dies with extended durability.",
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author = "Nielsen, {S. K.} and M. Mand{\o} and Rosen{\o}rn, {A. B.}",
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volume = "2018",
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journal = "European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings",
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1D model for investigation of energy consumption and wear in die designs used for biomass pelleting. / Nielsen, S. K.; Mandø, M.; Rosenørn, A. B.

In: European Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings, Vol. 2018, No. 26thEUBCE, 05.2018, p. 550-558.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article in JournalResearchpeer-review

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AU - Rosenørn, A. B.

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N2 - This paper presents a model for simulating the physical processes occurring in wood pellet die. A 1D model of a press channel has been set up, which is capable of simulating the e.ect of di.erent press channel designs. The energy consumed in the press channel is divided into two contributions; compression and friction, from where the total energy consumption is evaluated together with the .nal density of the pellet. The model is validated by experimental single pelleting tests, where soft wood pellets were produced in four single dies with di.erent inlet designs. The simulated pellet density is determined via a pressure dependent density function of the pelleting material, developed from experimental compression tests. The simulations show that the pellet compression mainly occurs in the inlet part of the die, and friction is the major contributor to the energy consumption. The locations with high pressure in the simulations correlate well to observations of wear on full scale dies. The presented work can contribute to knowledge about the pelleting behavior of existing and new materials and development of energy e.cient dies with extended durability.

AB - This paper presents a model for simulating the physical processes occurring in wood pellet die. A 1D model of a press channel has been set up, which is capable of simulating the e.ect of di.erent press channel designs. The energy consumed in the press channel is divided into two contributions; compression and friction, from where the total energy consumption is evaluated together with the .nal density of the pellet. The model is validated by experimental single pelleting tests, where soft wood pellets were produced in four single dies with di.erent inlet designs. The simulated pellet density is determined via a pressure dependent density function of the pelleting material, developed from experimental compression tests. The simulations show that the pellet compression mainly occurs in the inlet part of the die, and friction is the major contributor to the energy consumption. The locations with high pressure in the simulations correlate well to observations of wear on full scale dies. The presented work can contribute to knowledge about the pelleting behavior of existing and new materials and development of energy e.cient dies with extended durability.

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KW - Energy

KW - Modelling

KW - Pellet

KW - Solid biofuel

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