A Case Study of Plug and Produce Robot Assistants for Hybrid Manufacturing Workstations

Sebastian Hjorth*, Casper Schou, Elias Ribeiro da Silva, Finn Tryggvason, Michael Sparre Sørensen, Henning Forbech

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review


In the paradigm of smart factories, flexible and scalable manufacturing re-sources are essential. The human worker offers great flexibility; however, the operators are often a sparse resource in high-wage countries. Consequently, they are often responsible for several tasks at once and must priori-tise the most critical ones. Consequently, the productivity on less critical tasks will suffer in the absence of the operator. In this paper, we present a case study on the effect on productivity when deploying a collaborative robot assistant in a plug and produce fashion to substitute a human worker at manual workstations on a production line. Realistic cycle and changeover times are derived from physical experiments and used in discrete event simulation to analyse two scenarios. The results show that if an operator must abandon his/her workstation, deploying a robot assistant as a substi-tute reduces the loss of productivity.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication8th Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production Conference : CARV2021
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 11 Aug 2021


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