A comparative study of the influence of organizational culture on performance

Lillian Gambi do Nascimento , Harry Boer

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


This study aims to explore and compare the effect of organizational culture profiles (Rational, Hierarchical, Developmental, and Group culture) on performance as a single-factor and as a multi-factor construct. Based on data collected in 250 firms in Brazil and Denmark, two theoretical models are tested using Structural Equation Modeling. The findings show that, when considering performance as a single factor, only the Rational culture has a positive effect on performance. When performance is considered as a multi-factor construct, all the relationships between organizational culture profiles and performance groups were positive and significant. Thus, the effect of culture on performance varies depending on the type of performance measured. These findings contribute to theory showing that characteristics of each cultural profile are related to specific types of performance. Managers should understand this fit in order to ensure congruence between their organization’s performance goals and characteristics of its internal culture.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIndustrial Engineering and Operations Management - XXVI IJCIEOM, 2020
EditorsAntônio Márcio Thomé, Rafael Garcia Barbastefano, Luiz Felipe Scavarda, João Carlos dos Reis, Marlene Paula Amorim
Number of pages10
PublisherSpringer VS
Publication date2020
ISBN (Print)9783030569198
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event26th International Joint Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Duration: 8 Jul 202011 Jul 2020
Conference number: 26


Conference26th International Joint Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management
CityRio de Janeiro
SeriesSpringer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statistics

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments The authors thank the financial support provided by National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), Brazil; and State of Minas Gerais Research Foundation (FAPEMIG), Brazil.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Organizational culture
  • Performance
  • Structural Equation Modeling

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