A Cosine Similarity Based Centralized Protection Scheme for DC Microgrids

Rabindra Mohanty, Subham Sahoo*, Ashok Kumar Pradhan, Frede Blaabjerg

*Corresponding author

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Unlike the phasor measurement based protection in AC systems, the protection of DC systems deals with complex fault transients which mandates the isolation of the faulted segment within few milliseconds as continued fault current leads
to overheating issue in power electronic converters. To this end, several works have been suggested based on unit and non-unit protections for DC microgrids. Threshold selection and protection coordination are the challenges associated with non-unit protection. Similarly, communication delay and link failure limit the application of unit protection. To address these issues, this paper presents a robust centralized protection scheme for DC microgrids, which is resilient to communication delay and link failure. It uses current of each line segment to compute the similarity of current change at both ends of the line segment to derive the protection decision. To overcome the communication failure from one end of the line segment or even from multiple segments, the proposed method uses data from adjacent segments to derive the protection decision correctly.
Using PSCAD/EMTDC environment, the performance of the proposed method is evaluated for various cases and compared with available techniques. Finally, the accuracy of the protection algorithm is validated under experimental conditions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 15 Feb 2021


  • DC Microgrid
  • Protection
  • Power Electronics
  • Fault Detection
  • Centralized detection
  • Communication
  • Fault Analysis

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