A hybrid linear potential flow - machine learning model for enhanced prediction of WEC performance

Claes Eskilsson, Sepideh Pashami, Anders Holst, Johannes Palm

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

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Linear potential flow (LPF) models remain the tools-of-the trade in marine and ocean engineering despite their well-known assumptions of small amplitude waves and motions. As of now, nonlinear simulation tools are still too computationally demanding to be used in the entire design loop, especially when it comes to the evaluation of numerous irregular sea states. In this paper we aim to enhance the performance of the LPF models by introducing a hybrid LPF-ML (machine learning) approach, based on identification of nonlinear force corrections. The corrections are defined as the difference in hydrodynamic force (viscous and pressure-based) between high-fidelity CFD and LPF models. Using prescribed chirp motions with different amplitudes, we train a long short-term memory (LSTM) network to predict the corrections. The LSTM network is then linked to the MoodyMarine LPF model to provide the nonlinear correction force at every time-step, based on the dynamic state of the body and the corresponding forces from the LPF model. The method is illustrated for the case of a heaving sphere in decay, regular and irregular waves – including passive control. The hybrid LPF-model is shown to give significant improvements compared to the baseline LPF model, even though the training is quite generic.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 15th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference
Number of pages9
PublisherEuropean Wave and Tidal Energy Conference
Publication date2023
Article number321
Publication statusPublished - 2023


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