A narrative review of potential measures of dynamic stability to be used during outdoor locomotion on different surfaces

Frederik P Svenningsen, Sébastien Pavailler, Marlène Giandolini, Nicolas Horvais, Pascal Madeleine

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Dynamic stability of locomotion plays an important role in running injuries, particularly during trail running where ankle injuries occur frequently. Several studies have investigated dynamic stability of locomotion using wearable accelerometer measurements. However, no study has reviewed how dynamic stability of locomotion is quantified using accelerometry. Therefore, the present review aims to synthetise the methods and findings of studies investigating stability related parameters measured by accelerometry, during locomotion on various surfaces, and among asymptomatic participants. A systematic search of studies associated with locomotion was conducted. Only studies including assessment of dynamic stability parameters based on accelerometry, including at least one group of asymptomatic participants, and conditions that occur during trail running were considered relevant for this review. Consequently, all retrieved studies used a non-obstructive portable accelerometer or an inertial measurement unit. Fifteen studies used a single tri-axial accelerometer placed above the lumbar region allowing outdoor recordings. From trunk accelerations, a combination of index of cycle repeatability and signal dispersion can adequately be used to assess dynamic stability. However, as most studies included indoor conditions, studies addressing the biomechanics of trail running in outdoor conditions are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSports Biomechanics
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)120-140
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020


  • Biomechanics
  • gait
  • outdoor measurement
  • trail running


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