A novel online fault localization technique for HVDC cable transmission systems

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review


In this paper, a modal online fault locator is presented for VSC-HVDC links. The modal theory is applied to the HVDC cable bundles and the decoupled modes are resulted. Each mode has different attenuation, velocity, and characteristic impedance depending on the frequency used. The differenced between the modal velocities is used to design a one-sided fault location algorithm. With the help of Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT) and the instant frequency, the exact arrival times of the different modes are detected and the fault location is determined. CIGRE DCS1 symmetric monopole VSC-HVDC link is modeled in PSCAD and an extruded two pole cable bundle with three conducting layers in each pole is used as the transmission section. The fault location algorithm is designed in MATLAB and is divided into offline and online stages. According to the simulation results, the method is accurate and robust. However, more analysis for different cable parameters, used materials, grounding schemes, and installation considerations are suggested to evaluate the validity of the proposed technique in different conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of CIGRE Symposium Aalborg 2019
Number of pages11
PublisherCIGRE (International Council on Large Electric Systems)
Publication dateJun 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019
EventCIGRE Symposium Aalborg 2019 - Aalborg, Denmark
Duration: 4 Jun 20197 Jun 2019


ConferenceCIGRE Symposium Aalborg 2019


  • Cables
  • Fault location
  • Hilbert-Huang Transform
  • HVDC
  • Modal Theory
  • Travelling waves

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