A Novel Power Sharing Scheme of Controlling Parallel-Operated Inverters in Islanded Microgrids

Wenyuan Cao, Minxiao Han, Xiahui Zhang, Wenqiang Xie, Gibran David Agundis Tinajero, Josep M. Guerrero

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Abstract

Virtual impedances are often used in droop-controlled paralleled-voltage-sourced inverters (VSIs) to achieve proper power sharing. However, different and unknown output impedances of VSIs will affect the power decoupling and power sharing performances. To solve this problem, this paper proposes a novel controller for VSIs by using a disturbance observer (DOB). The DOB is adopted to observe the output currents of VSIs without any extra current sensors. On the one hand, the observed currents are fed forward to the output of voltage compensators, thereby the output impedances of VSIs are eliminated. On the other hand, the observed currents are introduced into the virtual complex impedance loops, which not only reconstructs the impedances of VSIs but also realizes the proper power sharing. Besides, to improve the reactive power sharing accuracy, a synchronization control is proposed to strictly synchronize the VSIs only by using local measurements. Each VSI operates at a constant frequency, so the inherent frequency deviation of the traditional droop control is eliminated. A universal parameter design method is also presented based on the detailed discussion of system stability and voltage quality. Finally, simulation and experimental results clearly validate the proposed control scheme and the parameter design method.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics
ISSN2168-6777
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Dec 2020

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