A Numerical Investigation of Heat and Mass Transfer in Air-Cooled Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

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Abstract

A numerical analysis of an air-cooled proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) has been conducted. The model utilizes the Eulerian multi-phase approach to predict the occurrence and transport of liquid water inside the cell. It is assumed that all the waste heat must be carried out of the fuel cell with the excess air which leads to a strong temperature increase of the air stream. The results suggest that the performance of these fuel cells is limited by membrane overheating which is ultimately caused by the limited heat transfer to the laminar air stream. A proposed remedy is the placement of a turbulence grid before such a fuel cell stack to enhance the heat transfer and increase the fuel cell performance.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
Publication dateJul 2019
ISBN (Electronic)9780791859032
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
EventASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 28 Jul 20191 Aug 2019

Conference

ConferenceASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period28/07/201901/08/2019

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Berning, T. (2019). A Numerical Investigation of Heat and Mass Transfer in Air-Cooled Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells. In Proceedings of ASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference American Society of Mechanical Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1115/AJKFluids2019-5419