In recent years, the introduction of practical and useful solutions to solve the non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM) as one of the sub-sectors of energy management has posed many challenges. In this paper, an effective and applicable solution based on deep learning called convolutional neural network (CNN) is employed for this purpose. The proposed method with the layer-to-layer structure and extraction of features in the power consumption (PC) curves of each household appliances will be able to detect and distinguish the type of electrical appliances (EAs). Likewise, the load disaggregation for the total home PC will be based on identifying the PC patterns of each EA. To do this, experimental evaluation of reference energy data disaggregation dataset (REDD) related to real-world data and measurement at low frequency is used. The PC curves of each EA are used as input data for training and testing the network. After initial training and testing by the PC data of EAs, the total PC of building obtained from the smart meter are used as input for each network in order to load disaggregation. The trained networks prove to be able to disaggregate the total PC for REDD houses 1, 2, 3, and 4 with a 96.17% mean accuracy. The presented results show the precision and efficiency of the suggested technique for solving NILM problems compared to other used methods.
|Journal||Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
- Residential load
- Non-intrusive load monitoring
- Deep learning
- Convolutional Neural Network