A Remedial Action Scheme to Prevent Mid/Long-Term Voltage Instabilities

Hamid Khoshkhoo*, Siavash Yari, Aref Pouryekta, Vigna K. Ramachandaramurthy, Josep M. Guerrero

*Corresponding author

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The main objective of this article is to propose a special protection system (SPS) to execute efficient remedial actions to prevent mid-term and long-term voltage instabilities. In this method, when the operating point (OP) leaves the normal operation state, the proposed SPS is initiated to execute the required corrective remedial actions to bring the OP back to a normal state and maintain bus voltages above prespecified thresholds. Considering the local nature of Volt/Var control and in order to execute fast remedial actions, in this approach, the required generation rescheduling or load shedding procedures were selected based on the electrical distance concept. This allows for remedial actions with the highest impact on volt/var control. In addition, in generation rescheduling procedures, the proposed method uses the ability of utility-scale photovoltaic resources, which can change their generation quickly. This plays a major role in maintaining stability of power systems. Efficiency of the proposed algorithm was validated through several scenarios performed in IEEE 39-bus, Nordic32, and PST 16 test systems using DIgSILENT PowerFactory software. Results of these dynamic simulations and their comparison with some previously published methods show the effectiveness of this method in timely executing appropriate remedial actions to maintain system stability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9166617
JournalIEEE Systems Journal
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)923-934
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received October 14, 2019; revised June 26, 2020; accepted July 1, 2020. Date of publication August 13, 2020; date of current version March 9, 2021. The work of Josep M. Guerrero was supported in part by the VILLUM FONDEN under the VILLUM Investigator Grant 25920 and in part by the Center for Research on Microgrids. (Corresponding author: Hamid Khoshkhoo.) Hamid Khoshkhoo and Siavash Yari are with the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz 5331817634, Iran (e-mail: khoshkhoo@sut.ac.ir; si_yari@sut.ac.ir).

Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Large-scale photovoltaic (PV) power plants
  • power system stability
  • remedial action scheme
  • voltage stability


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