A renewable energy scenario for Aalborg Municipality based on low-temperature geothermal heat, wind power and biomass

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

161 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aalborg Municipality, Denmark, wishes to investigate the possibilities of becoming independent of fossil fuels. This article describes a scenario for supplying Aalborg Municipality’s energy needs through a combination of low-temperature geothermal heat, wind power and biomass. Of particular focus in the scenario is how low-temperature geothermal heat may be utilised in district heating (DH) systems. The analyses show that it is possible to cover Aalborg Municipality’s energy needs through the use of locally available sources in combination with significant electricity savings, heat savings, reductions in industrial fuel use and savings and fuel-substitutions in the transport sector. With biomass resources being finite, the two marginal energy resources in Aalborg are geothermal heat and wind power. If geothermal heat is utilised more, wind power may be limited and vice versa. The system still relies on neighbouring areas as an electricity buffer though.
The costs of the scenario are at a comparable level with the reference situation, but with significantly higher needs for investments and lower fuel costs. Implementation of the scenario would therefore have a positive socio-economic impact as investments are more local labour-intensive than fuel supply.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy
Volume35
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)4892-4901
ISSN0360-5442
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

Fingerprint

Wind power
Biomass
Electricity
Temperature
District heating
Energy resources
Fossil fuels
Costs
Substitution reactions
Hot Temperature
Personnel
Economics

Cite this

@article{469e07206ae947cfb15de834c5c000ff,
title = "A renewable energy scenario for Aalborg Municipality based on low-temperature geothermal heat, wind power and biomass",
abstract = "Aalborg Municipality, Denmark, wishes to investigate the possibilities of becoming independent of fossil fuels. This article describes a scenario for supplying Aalborg Municipality’s energy needs through a combination of low-temperature geothermal heat, wind power and biomass. Of particular focus in the scenario is how low-temperature geothermal heat may be utilised in district heating (DH) systems. The analyses show that it is possible to cover Aalborg Municipality’s energy needs through the use of locally available sources in combination with significant electricity savings, heat savings, reductions in industrial fuel use and savings and fuel-substitutions in the transport sector. With biomass resources being finite, the two marginal energy resources in Aalborg are geothermal heat and wind power. If geothermal heat is utilised more, wind power may be limited and vice versa. The system still relies on neighbouring areas as an electricity buffer though.The costs of the scenario are at a comparable level with the reference situation, but with significantly higher needs for investments and lower fuel costs. Implementation of the scenario would therefore have a positive socio-economic impact as investments are more local labour-intensive than fuel supply.",
author = "{\O}stergaard, {Poul Alberg} and Mathiesen, {Brian Vad} and Bernd M{\"o}ller and Henrik Lund",
year = "2010",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.energy.2010.08.041",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "4892--4901",
journal = "Energy",
issn = "0360-5442",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",
number = "12",

}

A renewable energy scenario for Aalborg Municipality based on low-temperature geothermal heat, wind power and biomass. / Østergaard, Poul Alberg; Mathiesen, Brian Vad; Möller, Bernd; Lund, Henrik.

In: Energy, Vol. 35, No. 12, 12.2010, p. 4892-4901.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A renewable energy scenario for Aalborg Municipality based on low-temperature geothermal heat, wind power and biomass

AU - Østergaard, Poul Alberg

AU - Mathiesen, Brian Vad

AU - Möller, Bernd

AU - Lund, Henrik

PY - 2010/12

Y1 - 2010/12

N2 - Aalborg Municipality, Denmark, wishes to investigate the possibilities of becoming independent of fossil fuels. This article describes a scenario for supplying Aalborg Municipality’s energy needs through a combination of low-temperature geothermal heat, wind power and biomass. Of particular focus in the scenario is how low-temperature geothermal heat may be utilised in district heating (DH) systems. The analyses show that it is possible to cover Aalborg Municipality’s energy needs through the use of locally available sources in combination with significant electricity savings, heat savings, reductions in industrial fuel use and savings and fuel-substitutions in the transport sector. With biomass resources being finite, the two marginal energy resources in Aalborg are geothermal heat and wind power. If geothermal heat is utilised more, wind power may be limited and vice versa. The system still relies on neighbouring areas as an electricity buffer though.The costs of the scenario are at a comparable level with the reference situation, but with significantly higher needs for investments and lower fuel costs. Implementation of the scenario would therefore have a positive socio-economic impact as investments are more local labour-intensive than fuel supply.

AB - Aalborg Municipality, Denmark, wishes to investigate the possibilities of becoming independent of fossil fuels. This article describes a scenario for supplying Aalborg Municipality’s energy needs through a combination of low-temperature geothermal heat, wind power and biomass. Of particular focus in the scenario is how low-temperature geothermal heat may be utilised in district heating (DH) systems. The analyses show that it is possible to cover Aalborg Municipality’s energy needs through the use of locally available sources in combination with significant electricity savings, heat savings, reductions in industrial fuel use and savings and fuel-substitutions in the transport sector. With biomass resources being finite, the two marginal energy resources in Aalborg are geothermal heat and wind power. If geothermal heat is utilised more, wind power may be limited and vice versa. The system still relies on neighbouring areas as an electricity buffer though.The costs of the scenario are at a comparable level with the reference situation, but with significantly higher needs for investments and lower fuel costs. Implementation of the scenario would therefore have a positive socio-economic impact as investments are more local labour-intensive than fuel supply.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78649816567&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.energy.2010.08.041

DO - 10.1016/j.energy.2010.08.041

M3 - Journal article

VL - 35

SP - 4892

EP - 4901

JO - Energy

JF - Energy

SN - 0360-5442

IS - 12

ER -