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Abstract

Lithium-ion batteries are used in a wide range of applications including energy storage systems, electric transportations, and portable electronic devices. Accurately obtaining the batteries’ state of health (SOH) is critical to prolong the service life of the battery and ensure the safe and reliable operation of the system. Machine learning (ML) technology has attracted increasing attention due to its competitiveness in studying the behavior of complex nonlinear systems. With the development of big data and cloud computing, ML technology has a big potential in battery SOH estimation. In this paper, the five most studied types of ML algorithms for battery SOH estimation are systematically reviewed. The basic principle of each algorithm is rigorously derived followed by flow charts with a unified form, and the advantages and applicability of different methods are compared from a theoretical perspective. Then, the ML-based SOH estimation methods are comprehensively compared from following three aspects: the estimation performance of various algorithms under five performance metrics, the publication trend obtained by counting the publications in the past ten years, and the training modes considering the feature extraction and selection methods. According to the comparison results, it can be concluded that amongst these methods, support vector machine and artificial neural network algorithms are still research hotspots. Deep learning has great potential in estimating battery SOH under complex aging conditions especially when big data is available. Moreover, the ensemble learning method provides an emerging alternative trading-off between data size and accuracy. Finally, the outlooks of the research on future ML-based battery SOH estimation methods are closed, hoping to provide some inspiration when applying ML methods to battery SOH estimation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number117346
JournalApplied Energy
Volume300
Number of pages21
ISSN0306-2619
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Lithium-ion battery
  • Machine learning
  • Deep Learning
  • State of health
  • Health monitoring
  • Battery Management System

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