Activity specific knowledge characteristics in the transfer of business activities from Europe to Asia

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This paper investigates differences in the characteristics of the knowledge, which is most important for the internationalization of key business activities within MNCs to emerging markets such as China and India.
Design/methodology/approach: The paper presents a framework based on knowledge management-, innovation-, and internationalization theory, which is developed and exemplified in relation to one case of R&D transfer to India as well as three cases of R&D transfer to China within four globally leading European companies.
Findings: The framework and empirical research suggest that a knowledge gap still exists in China and India concerning R&D activities. Distinct differences exist in terms of source - and effability, of the knowledge, which is most important for the internationalization to emerging markets of key business activities within MNCs. The most important knowledge for the internationalization of R&D activities is to a higher extent tacit, than it is for manufacturing activities and local sourcing activities. Furthermore, the source of the most important knowledge for the internationalization of R&D activities, as well as manufacturing activities,
within MNCs, is more likely to be the MNC itself, than when marketing activities or local sourcing activities are internationalized to emerging markets. Whether or not the MNC itself is an important source of knowledge for newly established R&D units in China and India, is not exclusively determined by the motives behind the establishment.
Originality/value: A model illustrating differences between the most important knowledge for the internationalization of key business activities, in terms of characteristics such as source of the knowledge and effability of the knowledge, is developed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SNEEs 12th Yearly Conference: European Integration in Swedish Economic Research
Number of pages14
PublisherLund University, Sweden
Publication date2010
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventSNEEs 12th Yearly Conference: European Integration in Swedish Economic Research - Mölle, Sweden
Duration: 18 May 201021 May 2010

Conference

ConferenceSNEEs 12th Yearly Conference: European Integration in Swedish Economic Research
CountrySweden
CityMölle
Period18/05/201021/05/2010

Fingerprint

Business activity
Asia
Internationalization
China
India
Emerging markets
Sourcing
Manufacturing
European companies
Design methodology
Knowledge management
Empirical research
Management innovation
Knowledge gap
Marketing activities

Cite this

Søberg, P. V. (2010). Activity specific knowledge characteristics in the transfer of business activities from Europe to Asia. In Proceedings of SNEEs 12th Yearly Conference: European Integration in Swedish Economic Research Lund University, Sweden.
Søberg, Peder Veng. / Activity specific knowledge characteristics in the transfer of business activities from Europe to Asia. Proceedings of SNEEs 12th Yearly Conference: European Integration in Swedish Economic Research. Lund University, Sweden, 2010.
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Søberg, PV 2010, Activity specific knowledge characteristics in the transfer of business activities from Europe to Asia. in Proceedings of SNEEs 12th Yearly Conference: European Integration in Swedish Economic Research. Lund University, Sweden, SNEEs 12th Yearly Conference: European Integration in Swedish Economic Research , Mölle, Sweden, 18/05/2010.

Activity specific knowledge characteristics in the transfer of business activities from Europe to Asia. / Søberg, Peder Veng.

Proceedings of SNEEs 12th Yearly Conference: European Integration in Swedish Economic Research. Lund University, Sweden, 2010.

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

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AB - Purpose: This paper investigates differences in the characteristics of the knowledge, which is most important for the internationalization of key business activities within MNCs to emerging markets such as China and India. Design/methodology/approach: The paper presents a framework based on knowledge management-, innovation-, and internationalization theory, which is developed and exemplified in relation to one case of R&D transfer to India as well as three cases of R&D transfer to China within four globally leading European companies. Findings: The framework and empirical research suggest that a knowledge gap still exists in China and India concerning R&D activities. Distinct differences exist in terms of source - and effability, of the knowledge, which is most important for the internationalization to emerging markets of key business activities within MNCs. The most important knowledge for the internationalization of R&D activities is to a higher extent tacit, than it is for manufacturing activities and local sourcing activities. Furthermore, the source of the most important knowledge for the internationalization of R&D activities, as well as manufacturing activities, within MNCs, is more likely to be the MNC itself, than when marketing activities or local sourcing activities are internationalized to emerging markets. Whether or not the MNC itself is an important source of knowledge for newly established R&D units in China and India, is not exclusively determined by the motives behind the establishment. Originality/value: A model illustrating differences between the most important knowledge for the internationalization of key business activities, in terms of characteristics such as source of the knowledge and effability of the knowledge, is developed.

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Søberg PV. Activity specific knowledge characteristics in the transfer of business activities from Europe to Asia. In Proceedings of SNEEs 12th Yearly Conference: European Integration in Swedish Economic Research. Lund University, Sweden. 2010