Adaptive overhead transmission lines auto-reclosing based on Hilbert–Huang transform

Arman Ghaderi Baayeh, Navid Bayati*

*Corresponding author

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents a reliable and fast index to detect the instant of arc extinction for adaptive single-pole automatic reclosing (ASPAR). The proposed method is a simple technique for ASPAR on shunt compensated transmission lines using the Hilbert–Huang Transform (HHT). The HHT method is a combination of the empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and the Hilbert transform (HT). The first intrinsic mode function (IMF1) decomposed by EMD, which contains high frequencies of the faulty phase voltage, was used to calculate the proposed index. HT calculates the first IMF spectrum in the time-frequency domain. The presented index is the sum of all frequency contents below 55 Hz, which remains very low until the fault clearance. The proposed method uses a global threshold level and therefore no adjustment is needed for different transmission systems. This method is effective for various system configurations including different fault locations, line loading, and various shunt reactor configurations, designs, compensation rates, and placement. The performance of the method was verified using 324 test cases simulated in electromagnetic transient program (EMTP) related to a 345 kV transmission line. For all the test cases, the algorithm successfully operated with an average reclosing time delay of 32 ms.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5416
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • Adaptive auto-reclosing
  • EV transmission lines
  • Hilbert–Huang transform
  • Power system protection
  • Transient fault


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