Advanced heart sound analysis as a new prognostic marker in stable coronary artery disease

Simon Winther, Louise Nissen, Samuel Emil Schmidt, Jelmer Westra, Ina Trolle Andersen, Mette Nyegaard, Lene Helleskov Madsen, Lars Lyhne Knudsen, Grazina Urbonaviciene, Bjarke Skogstad Larsen, Johannes Jan Struijk, Lars Frost, Niels Ramsing Holm, Evald Høj Christiansen, Hans Erik Bøtker, Morten Bøttcher

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Abstract

Recent technological advances enable diagnosing of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) from heart sound analysis with a high negative predictive value. However, the prognostic impact of this approach remains unknown.To investigate the prognostic value of heart sound analysis as two scores, the Acoustic-score and the CAD-score, in patients with suspected CAD which is treated according to standard of care.Consecutive patients with angina symptoms referred for coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) were enrolled. The Acoustic-score was developed from eight acoustic CAD-related features. This score was combined with risk factors to generate the CAD-score. A cut-off score \gt;20 was pre-specified for both scores to indicate disease. If coronary CTA raised suspicion of obstructive CAD, patients were referred to invasive angiography and revascularized when indicated.Of 1,675 enrolled patients, 1,464 (87.4\ were included in this substudy. The combined primary endpoint was all-cause mortality and myocardial infarction (n = 26). Follow-up was 3.1 [2.7-3.4] years.Of patients with primary endpoints, the Acoustic-score was \gt;20 in 25 (96\; the CAD-score was \gt;20 in 22 (85\. In an unadjusted Cox analysis of the primary endpoints, the hazard ratio for scores \gt;20 under current standard clinical care was 12.6 (1.7-93.2) for the Acoustic-score and 5.4 (1.9-15.7) for the CAD-score. The CAD-score contained prognostic information even after adjusting for lipid-lowering therapy initiation, stenosis at CTA, and early revascularization.Heart sound analysis seems to carries prognostic information and may improve initial risk stratification of patients with suspected CAD.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalEuropean Heart Journal - Digital Health
ISSN2634-3916
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021

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