Air-to-Ground Channel Characterization for Low-Height UAVs in Realistic Network Deployments

José Rodríguez-Piñeiro, Tomas Domınguez-Bolano, Xuesong Cai*, Zeyu Huang, Xuefeng Yin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
26 Downloads (Pure)


Due to the decrease in cost, size and weight, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are becoming more and more popular for general-purpose civil and commercial applications. Provision of communication services to UAVs both for user data and control messaging by using off-the-shelf terrestrial cellular deployments introduces several technical challenges. In this paper, an approach to the air-to-ground channel characterization for low-height UAVs based on an extensive measurement campaign is proposed, giving special attention to the comparison of the results when a typical directional antenna for network deployments is used and when a quasi-omnidirectional one is considered. Channel characteristics like path loss, shadow fading, root mean square delay and Doppler frequency spreads and the K-factor are statistically characterized for different suburban scenarios.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9170768
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)992-1006
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • Aircraft communication
  • air-to-ground
  • communications channels
  • time-varying channels
  • unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)


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