All-cause mortality, stroke, and bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation and valvular heart disease

Jarl E Strange, Caroline Sindet-Pedersen, Laila Staerk, Erik L Grove, Thomas Alexander Gerds, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar H Gislason, Jonas Bjerring Olesen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

AIMS: To compare the risk of all-cause mortality, stroke and bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and valvular heart disease (VHD) treated with vitamin K antagonist (VKA) or factor Xa-inhibitors (FXa-I; rivaroxaban and apixaban).

METHODS AND RESULTS: We crosslinked data from Danish nationwide registries identifying patients with AF and VHD (VHD; aortic stenosis/insufficiency, mitral insufficiency, bioprosthetic heart valves, mitral-, and aortic valve repair) initiating VKA or FXa-I between January 2014 and June 2017. Outcomes were all-cause mortality, stroke, and bleeding. Using cause-specific Cox regression, we reported the standardized absolute 2-year risk of the outcomes and absolute risk differences (ARD).We identified 1,115 (41.7%), 620 (23.1%), and 942 (35.2%) patients initiating treatment with VKA, rivaroxaban, and apixaban. The standardized absolute risk (95% CI) of all-cause mortality associated with VKA treatment was 34.1% (30.4% to 37.8%) with corresponding ARD for FXa-I of -2.7% (-6.7% to 1.4%). The standardized absolute risk of stroke for VKA was 3.8% (2.2% to 5.4%) with corresponding ARD for FXa-I of -0.1% (-2.0% to 1.8%). The standardized risk of bleeding for VKA was 10.4% (7.2% to 12.9%) with corresponding ARD for FXa-I of -2.0% (-5.1% to 1.1%). The risk of bleeding was significantly reduced in subgroup analyses of apixaban compared with VKA (ARD: -3.9% (-7.0% to -0.9%)) and rivaroxaban (ARD: -5.6% (-9.5% to -1.7%)).

CONCLUSION: In this nationwide cohort study, there were no significant differences in the risks of all-cause mortality, stroke, and bleeding in patients with AF and VHD treated with VKA compared with FXa-I.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
ISSN2055-6837
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Feb 2020

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