Altered cortical causality after remifentanil administration in healthy volunteers: A novel approach for pharmaco-EEG

Ahmad Khodayari-Rostamabad, Carina Graversen, Soren S Olesen, Lasse P Malver, Geana P Kurita, Per Sjogren, Lona L Christrup, Asbjørn Drewes

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Alterations in cortical causality information flow induced by remifentanil infusion in healthy volunteers was investigated in a placebo-controlled double-blind cross-over study. For each of the 21 enrolled male subjects, 2.5 minutes of resting electroencephalography (EEG) data were collected before and after infusion of remifentanil and placebo. Additionally, to assess cognitive function and analgesic effect, continuous reaction time (CRT) and bone pressure and heat pain were assessed, respectively. The causality information was extracted from the EEG by phase slope index (PSI). Among the features being reproducible between the two baseline recordings, several PSI features were altered by remifentanil administration in comparison to placebo. Furthermore, several of the PSI features altered by remifentanil were correlated to changes in both CRT and pain scores. The results indicate that remifentanil administration influence the information flow between several brain areas. Hence, the EEG causality approach offers the potential to assist in deciphering the cortical effects of remifentanil administration.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEngineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2014 : 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE
Number of pages4
Volume2014
PublisherIEEE Press
Publication dateAug 2014
Pages4290-4293
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014
EventAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC - Chicago, United States
Duration: 26 Aug 201430 Aug 2014
Conference number: 36

Conference

ConferenceAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC
Number36
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago
Period26/08/201430/08/2014
SeriesConference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference
ISSN1557-170X

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