Amorphous Materials for Lithium-Ion and Post-Lithium-Ion Batteries

Junwei Ding, Dongfang Ji, Yuanzheng Yue, Morten M. Smedskjaer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
30 Downloads (Pure)


Lithium-ion and post-lithium-ion batteries are important components for building sustainable energy systems. They usually consist of a cathode, an anode, an electrolyte, and a separator. Recently, the use of solid-state materials as electrolytes has received extensive attention. The solid-state electrolyte materials (as well as the electrode materials) have traditionally been overwhelmingly crystalline materials, but amorphous (disordered) materials are gradually emerging as important alternatives because they can increase the number of ion storage sites and diffusion channels, enhance solid-state ion diffusion, tolerate more severe volume changes, and improve reaction activity. To develop superior amorphous battery materials, researchers have conducted a variety of experiments and theoretical simulations. This review highlights the recent advances in using amorphous materials (AMs) for fabricating lithium-ion and post-lithium-ion batteries, focusing on the correlation between material structure and properties (e.g., electrochemical, mechanical, chemical, and thermal ones). We review both the conventional and the emerging characterization methods for analyzing AMs and present the roles of disorder in influencing the performances of various batteries such as those based on lithium, sodium, potassium, and zinc. Finally, we describe the challenges and perspectives for commercializing rechargeable AMs-based batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2304270
Issue number5
Number of pages24
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2024


  • amorphous materials
  • battery materials
  • electrochemical properties
  • mechanical properties
  • structural disorder


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