Amperometric Biosensor for Quantitative Measurement Using Sandwich Immunoassays

Thor Pedersen, Peter Fojan, Anne Kathrine Nissen Pedersen, Nils E. Magnusson, Leonid Gurevich

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
40 Downloads (Pure)


State-of-the-art clinical detection methods typically involve standard immunoassay methods, requiring specialized equipment and trained personnel. This impedes their use in the Point-of-Care (PoC) environment, where ease of operation, portability, and cost efficiency are prioritized. Small, robust electrochemical biosensors provide a means with which to analyze biomarkers in biological fluids in PoC environments. Optimized sensing surfaces, immobilization strategies, and efficient reporter systems are key to improving biosensor detection systems. The signal transduction and general performance of electrochemical sensors are determined by surface properties that link the sensing element to the biological sample. We analyzed the surface characteristics of screen-printed and thin-film electrodes using scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was adapted for use in an electrochemical sensor. The robustness and reproducibility of the developed electrochemical immunosensor were investigated by detecting Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL) in urine. The sensor showed a detection limit of 1 ng/mL, a linear range of 3.5–80 ng/mL, and a CV% of 8%. The results demonstrate that the developed platform technology is suitable for immunoassay-based sensors on either screen-printed or thin-film gold electrodes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number519
Issue number5
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2023


  • biosensor
  • electrochemical sensing
  • immunoassay
  • screen printed electrode
  • surface characteristics


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