Amplitude versus spatially modulated electrotactile feedback for myoelectric control of two degrees of freedom

Martin Alexander Garenfeld, Christian Korfitz Mortensen, Matija Štrbac, Jakob L Dideriksen, Strahinja Dosen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
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OBJECTIVE: Artificial proprioceptive feedback from a myoelectric prosthesis is an important aspect in enhancing embodiment and user satisfaction, possibly lowering the demand for visual attention while controlling a prosthesis in everyday tasks. Contemporary myoelectric prostheses are advanced mechatronic systems with multiple degrees of freedom, and therefore, to communicate the prosthesis state, the feedback interface needs to transmit several variables simultaneously. In the present study, two different configurations for conveying proprioceptive information of wrist rotation and hand aperture through multichannel electrotactile stimulation were developed and evaluated during online myoelectric control.

APPROACH: Myoelectric recordings were acquired from the dominant forearm and electrotactile stimulation was delivered on the non-dominant forearm using a compact interface. The first feedback configuration, which was based on spatial coding, transmitted the information using a moving tactile stimulus, whereas the second, amplitude-based configuration conveyed the position via sensation intensity. Thirteen able-bodied subjects used pattern classification-based myoelectric control with both feedback configurations to accomplish a target-reaching task.

MAIN RESULTS: High task performance (completion rate > 90%) was observed for both configurations, with no significant difference in completion rate, time to reach the target, distance error and path efficiency, respectively.

SIGNIFICANCE: Overall, the results demonstrated that both feedback configurations allowed subjects to perceive and interpret two feedback variables delivered simultaneously, despite using a compact stimulation interface. This is an encouraging result for the prospect of communicating the full state of a multifunctional hand prosthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number046034
JournalJournal of Neural Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2020

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