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Switching harmonic attenuation has always been challenging for inverters used in high power conversion applications, where ratio of switching to fundamental frequency is low. Addition of multiple LC-trap filters is no doubt a feasible cost-effective method, which has increasingly been used, but generally susceptible to filter parameter variations and harmonic resonances. This paper hence presents an alternative Active Trap Filter (ATF), based on a series-LC-filtered inverter, for attenuating switching harmonics in a flexible, while yet not cost burdensome, approach. A direct impedance synthesis method has also been proposed for the ATF to better enforce its active switching harmonic bypassing ability. Compared with conventional schemes for controlling active power filters, the proposed method is more readily implemented, since it requires neither current reference generation nor high-bandwidth current control loop. Moreover, the use of a series LC-filter at its ac-side helps the ATF to reduce its inverter voltage and power ratings. Compensated frequency range of the ATF can hence be enlarged by using a comparably higher switching frequency and a proper step-by-step design procedure to be presented in the paper. Simulation and experimental results have confirmed the design procedures, and hence expected performance of the ATF.
- Trap filter