An Empirical Validation of Building Simulation Software for Modelling of Double-Skin Facade (DSF)

Olena Kalyanova Larsen, Per Heiselberg, Clemens Felsmann, Harris Poirazis, Paul Strachan, Aad Wijsman

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
400 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Double-skin facade (DSF) buildings are being built as an attractive, innovative and energy efficient solution. Nowadays, several design tools are used for assessment of thermal and energy performance of DSF buildings. Existing design tools are well-suited for performance assessment of conventional buildings, but their accuracy might be limited in cases with DSFs because of the complexity of the heat and mass transfer processes within the DSF.

To address this problem, an empirical validation of building models with DSF, performed with various building simulation tools (ESP-r, IDA ICE 3.0, VA114, TRNSYS-TUD and BSim) was carried out in the framework of IEA SHC Task 34 /ECBCS Annex 43 "Testing and Validation of Building Energy Simulation Tools".

The experimental data for the validation was gathered in a full-scale outdoor test facility. The empirical data sets comprise the key-functioning modes of DSF: 1. Thermal buffer mode (closed DSF cavity) and 2. External air curtain mode (naturally ventilated DSF cavity with the top and bottom openings open to outdoors).

By carrying out the empirical tests, it was concluded that all models experience difficulties in predictions during the peak solar loads. None of the models was consistent enough when comparing simulation results with experimental data for the ventilated cavity. However, some models showed reasonable agreement with the experimental results for the thermal buffer mode.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBuilding Simulation 2009 : University of Stractclyde, Glosgow, 27th-30th July : Proceedings of the 11th International Building Performance Simulation Association Conference
EditorsPaul A. Strachan, Nick J. Kelly, Michaël Kummert
Number of pages8
PublisherEnergy Systems Research Unit : University of Strathclyde
Publication date2009
ISBN (Print)978-0-947649-40-1
Publication statusPublished - 2009
EventThe International Building Performance Simulation Association Conference (IBPSA) - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 27 Jul 200930 Jul 2009
Conference number: 11

Conference

ConferenceThe International Building Performance Simulation Association Conference (IBPSA)
Number11
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period27/07/200930/07/2009

Fingerprint

Facades
Skin
Air curtains
Test facilities
Ice
Mass transfer
Heat transfer
Testing
Hot Temperature

Cite this

Larsen, O. K., Heiselberg, P., Felsmann, C., Poirazis, H., Strachan, P., & Wijsman, A. (2009). An Empirical Validation of Building Simulation Software for Modelling of Double-Skin Facade (DSF). In P. A. Strachan, N. J. Kelly, & M. Kummert (Eds.), Building Simulation 2009 : University of Stractclyde, Glosgow, 27th-30th July: Proceedings of the 11th International Building Performance Simulation Association Conference Energy Systems Research Unit : University of Strathclyde.
Larsen, Olena Kalyanova ; Heiselberg, Per ; Felsmann, Clemens ; Poirazis, Harris ; Strachan, Paul ; Wijsman, Aad. / An Empirical Validation of Building Simulation Software for Modelling of Double-Skin Facade (DSF). Building Simulation 2009 : University of Stractclyde, Glosgow, 27th-30th July: Proceedings of the 11th International Building Performance Simulation Association Conference. editor / Paul A. Strachan ; Nick J. Kelly ; Michaël Kummert. Energy Systems Research Unit : University of Strathclyde, 2009.
@inproceedings{05ac3090010111df9a61000ea68e967b,
title = "An Empirical Validation of Building Simulation Software for Modelling of Double-Skin Facade (DSF)",
abstract = "Double-skin facade (DSF) buildings are being built as an attractive, innovative and energy efficient solution. Nowadays, several design tools are used for assessment of thermal and energy performance of DSF buildings. Existing design tools are well-suited for performance assessment of conventional buildings, but their accuracy might be limited in cases with DSFs because of the complexity of the heat and mass transfer processes within the DSF.To address this problem, an empirical validation of building models with DSF, performed with various building simulation tools (ESP-r, IDA ICE 3.0, VA114, TRNSYS-TUD and BSim) was carried out in the framework of IEA SHC Task 34 /ECBCS Annex 43 {"}Testing and Validation of Building Energy Simulation Tools{"}.The experimental data for the validation was gathered in a full-scale outdoor test facility. The empirical data sets comprise the key-functioning modes of DSF: 1. Thermal buffer mode (closed DSF cavity) and 2. External air curtain mode (naturally ventilated DSF cavity with the top and bottom openings open to outdoors).By carrying out the empirical tests, it was concluded that all models experience difficulties in predictions during the peak solar loads. None of the models was consistent enough when comparing simulation results with experimental data for the ventilated cavity. However, some models showed reasonable agreement with the experimental results for the thermal buffer mode.",
author = "Larsen, {Olena Kalyanova} and Per Heiselberg and Clemens Felsmann and Harris Poirazis and Paul Strachan and Aad Wijsman",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-0-947649-40-1",
editor = "Strachan, {Paul A.} and Kelly, {Nick J.} and Micha{\"e}l Kummert",
booktitle = "Building Simulation 2009 : University of Stractclyde, Glosgow, 27th-30th July",
publisher = "Energy Systems Research Unit : University of Strathclyde",

}

Larsen, OK, Heiselberg, P, Felsmann, C, Poirazis, H, Strachan, P & Wijsman, A 2009, An Empirical Validation of Building Simulation Software for Modelling of Double-Skin Facade (DSF). in PA Strachan, NJ Kelly & M Kummert (eds), Building Simulation 2009 : University of Stractclyde, Glosgow, 27th-30th July: Proceedings of the 11th International Building Performance Simulation Association Conference. Energy Systems Research Unit : University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 27/07/2009.

An Empirical Validation of Building Simulation Software for Modelling of Double-Skin Facade (DSF). / Larsen, Olena Kalyanova; Heiselberg, Per; Felsmann, Clemens; Poirazis, Harris; Strachan, Paul; Wijsman, Aad.

Building Simulation 2009 : University of Stractclyde, Glosgow, 27th-30th July: Proceedings of the 11th International Building Performance Simulation Association Conference. ed. / Paul A. Strachan; Nick J. Kelly; Michaël Kummert. Energy Systems Research Unit : University of Strathclyde, 2009.

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - An Empirical Validation of Building Simulation Software for Modelling of Double-Skin Facade (DSF)

AU - Larsen, Olena Kalyanova

AU - Heiselberg, Per

AU - Felsmann, Clemens

AU - Poirazis, Harris

AU - Strachan, Paul

AU - Wijsman, Aad

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Double-skin facade (DSF) buildings are being built as an attractive, innovative and energy efficient solution. Nowadays, several design tools are used for assessment of thermal and energy performance of DSF buildings. Existing design tools are well-suited for performance assessment of conventional buildings, but their accuracy might be limited in cases with DSFs because of the complexity of the heat and mass transfer processes within the DSF.To address this problem, an empirical validation of building models with DSF, performed with various building simulation tools (ESP-r, IDA ICE 3.0, VA114, TRNSYS-TUD and BSim) was carried out in the framework of IEA SHC Task 34 /ECBCS Annex 43 "Testing and Validation of Building Energy Simulation Tools".The experimental data for the validation was gathered in a full-scale outdoor test facility. The empirical data sets comprise the key-functioning modes of DSF: 1. Thermal buffer mode (closed DSF cavity) and 2. External air curtain mode (naturally ventilated DSF cavity with the top and bottom openings open to outdoors).By carrying out the empirical tests, it was concluded that all models experience difficulties in predictions during the peak solar loads. None of the models was consistent enough when comparing simulation results with experimental data for the ventilated cavity. However, some models showed reasonable agreement with the experimental results for the thermal buffer mode.

AB - Double-skin facade (DSF) buildings are being built as an attractive, innovative and energy efficient solution. Nowadays, several design tools are used for assessment of thermal and energy performance of DSF buildings. Existing design tools are well-suited for performance assessment of conventional buildings, but their accuracy might be limited in cases with DSFs because of the complexity of the heat and mass transfer processes within the DSF.To address this problem, an empirical validation of building models with DSF, performed with various building simulation tools (ESP-r, IDA ICE 3.0, VA114, TRNSYS-TUD and BSim) was carried out in the framework of IEA SHC Task 34 /ECBCS Annex 43 "Testing and Validation of Building Energy Simulation Tools".The experimental data for the validation was gathered in a full-scale outdoor test facility. The empirical data sets comprise the key-functioning modes of DSF: 1. Thermal buffer mode (closed DSF cavity) and 2. External air curtain mode (naturally ventilated DSF cavity with the top and bottom openings open to outdoors).By carrying out the empirical tests, it was concluded that all models experience difficulties in predictions during the peak solar loads. None of the models was consistent enough when comparing simulation results with experimental data for the ventilated cavity. However, some models showed reasonable agreement with the experimental results for the thermal buffer mode.

M3 - Article in proceeding

SN - 978-0-947649-40-1

BT - Building Simulation 2009 : University of Stractclyde, Glosgow, 27th-30th July

A2 - Strachan, Paul A.

A2 - Kelly, Nick J.

A2 - Kummert, Michaël

PB - Energy Systems Research Unit : University of Strathclyde

ER -

Larsen OK, Heiselberg P, Felsmann C, Poirazis H, Strachan P, Wijsman A. An Empirical Validation of Building Simulation Software for Modelling of Double-Skin Facade (DSF). In Strachan PA, Kelly NJ, Kummert M, editors, Building Simulation 2009 : University of Stractclyde, Glosgow, 27th-30th July: Proceedings of the 11th International Building Performance Simulation Association Conference. Energy Systems Research Unit : University of Strathclyde. 2009