An Improved Droop Control Method for DC Microgrids Based on Low Bandwidth Communication with DC Bus Voltage Restoration and Enhanced Current Sharing Accuracy

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

567 Citations (Scopus)
4520 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Droop control is the basic control method for load current sharing in dc microgrid applications. The conventional dc droop control method is realized by linearly reducing the dc output voltage as the output current increases. This method has two limitations. First, with the consideration of line resistance in a droop-controlled dc microgrid, since the output voltage of each converter cannot be exactly the same, the output current sharing accuracy is degraded. Second, the DC bus voltage deviation increases with the load due to the droop action. In this paper, in order to improve the performance of the dc microgrid operation, a low bandwidth communication (LBC) based improved droop control method is proposed. In contrast with the conventional approach, the control system does not require a centralized secondary controller. Instead, it uses local controllers and the LBC network to exchange information between converter units. The droop controller is employed to achieve independent operation and average voltage and current controllers are used in each converter to simultaneously enhance the current sharing accuracy and restore the dc bus voltage. All of the controllers are realized locally, and the LBC system is only used for changing the values of the dc voltage and current. Hence, a decentralized control scheme is accomplished. The simulation test based on Matlab/Simulink and the experimental validation based on a 2×2.2 kW prototype were implemented to demonstrate the proposed approach.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Transactions on Power Electronics
Volume29
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1800-1812
Number of pages13
ISSN0885-8993
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Current sharing accuracy
  • Voltage deviation
  • Low bandwidth communication
  • DC microgrid
  • Droop control

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'An Improved Droop Control Method for DC Microgrids Based on Low Bandwidth Communication with DC Bus Voltage Restoration and Enhanced Current Sharing Accuracy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Projects

    Cite this