An Improved Virtual Inertia Control for Three-Phase Voltage Source Converters Connected to a Weak Grid

Jingyang Fang, Pengfeng Lin, Hongchang Li, Yongheng Yang, Yi Tang

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55 Citations (Scopus)
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The continuous increasing share of power-converter-based renewable energies weakens the power system inertia. The lack of inertia becomes a main challenge to small-scale modern power systems in terms of control and stability. To alleviate adverse effects from inertia reductions, e.g., undesirable load shedding and cascading failures, three-phase grid-connected power converters should provide virtual inertia upon system demands. This can be achieved by directly linking the grid frequency and voltage references of dc-link capacitors/ultracapacitors. This paper reveals that the virtual inertia control may possibly induce instabilities to the power converters under weak grid conditions, which is caused by the coupling between the d- and q-axes as well as the inherent differential operator introduced by the virtual inertia control. To tackle this instability issue, this paper proposes a modified virtual inertia control to mitigate the differential effect, and thus, alleviating the coupling effect to a great extent. Experimental verifications are provided, which demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control in stabilizing three-phase grid-connected power converters for inertia emulation even when connected to the weak grid.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8567928
JournalI E E E Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)8660-8670
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019


  • Frequency regulation
  • Power converter
  • Renewable energy
  • Stability
  • Virtual inertia
  • Weak grid


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