An international review of the frequency of single-bicycle crashes (SBCs) and their relation to bicycle modal share

Paul Schepers, Niels Agerholm, Emmanuelle Amoros, Rob Benington, Torkel Bjørnskau, Stijn Dhondt, Bas de Geus, Carmen Hagemeister, Becky P. Y. Loo, Anna Niska

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Abstract

Objectives To study cyclists’ share of transport modes (modal share) and single-bicycle crashes (SBCs) in different countries in order to investigate if the proportion of cyclist injuries resulting from SBCs is affected by variation in modal share.

Methods A literature search identified figures (largely from western countries) on SBC casualties who are fatally injured, hospitalised or treated at an emergency department. Correlation and regression analyses were used to investigate how bicycle modal share is related to SBCs.

Results On average, 17% of fatal injuries to cyclists are caused by SBCs. Different countries show a range of values between 5% and 30%. Between 60% and 95% of cyclists admitted to hospitals or treated at emergency departments are victims of SBCs. The proportion of all injured cyclists who are injured in SBCs is unrelated to the share of cycling in the modal split. The share of SBC casualties among the total number of road crash casualties increases proportionally less than the increase in bicycle modal share.

Conclusions While most fatal injuries among cyclists are due to motor vehicle–bicycle crashes, most hospital admissions and emergency department attendances result from SBCs. As found in previous studies of cyclists injured in collisions, this study found that the increase in the number of SBC casualties is proportionally less than the increase in bicycle modal share.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInjury Prevention
Volume21
Pages (from-to)e138-e143
Number of pages6
ISSN1353-8047
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Hospital Emergency Service
Wounds and Injuries
Hospital Departments
Regression Analysis

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Schepers, Paul ; Agerholm, Niels ; Amoros, Emmanuelle ; Benington, Rob ; Bjørnskau, Torkel ; Dhondt, Stijn ; de Geus, Bas ; Hagemeister, Carmen ; Loo, Becky P. Y. ; Niska, Anna. / An international review of the frequency of single-bicycle crashes (SBCs) and their relation to bicycle modal share. In: Injury Prevention. 2015 ; Vol. 21. pp. e138-e143.
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title = "An international review of the frequency of single-bicycle crashes (SBCs) and their relation to bicycle modal share",
abstract = "Objectives To study cyclists’ share of transport modes (modal share) and single-bicycle crashes (SBCs) in different countries in order to investigate if the proportion of cyclist injuries resulting from SBCs is affected by variation in modal share.Methods A literature search identified figures (largely from western countries) on SBC casualties who are fatally injured, hospitalised or treated at an emergency department. Correlation and regression analyses were used to investigate how bicycle modal share is related to SBCs.Results On average, 17{\%} of fatal injuries to cyclists are caused by SBCs. Different countries show a range of values between 5{\%} and 30{\%}. Between 60{\%} and 95{\%} of cyclists admitted to hospitals or treated at emergency departments are victims of SBCs. The proportion of all injured cyclists who are injured in SBCs is unrelated to the share of cycling in the modal split. The share of SBC casualties among the total number of road crash casualties increases proportionally less than the increase in bicycle modal share.Conclusions While most fatal injuries among cyclists are due to motor vehicle–bicycle crashes, most hospital admissions and emergency department attendances result from SBCs. As found in previous studies of cyclists injured in collisions, this study found that the increase in the number of SBC casualties is proportionally less than the increase in bicycle modal share.",
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author = "Paul Schepers and Niels Agerholm and Emmanuelle Amoros and Rob Benington and Torkel Bj{\o}rnskau and Stijn Dhondt and {de Geus}, Bas and Carmen Hagemeister and Loo, {Becky P. Y.} and Anna Niska",
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Schepers, P, Agerholm, N, Amoros, E, Benington, R, Bjørnskau, T, Dhondt, S, de Geus, B, Hagemeister, C, Loo, BPY & Niska, A 2015, 'An international review of the frequency of single-bicycle crashes (SBCs) and their relation to bicycle modal share', Injury Prevention, vol. 21, pp. e138-e143. https://doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2013-040964

An international review of the frequency of single-bicycle crashes (SBCs) and their relation to bicycle modal share. / Schepers, Paul; Agerholm, Niels; Amoros, Emmanuelle; Benington, Rob; Bjørnskau, Torkel; Dhondt, Stijn; de Geus, Bas ; Hagemeister, Carmen; Loo, Becky P. Y.; Niska, Anna.

In: Injury Prevention, Vol. 21, 2015, p. e138-e143.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - An international review of the frequency of single-bicycle crashes (SBCs) and their relation to bicycle modal share

AU - Schepers, Paul

AU - Agerholm, Niels

AU - Amoros, Emmanuelle

AU - Benington, Rob

AU - Bjørnskau, Torkel

AU - Dhondt, Stijn

AU - de Geus, Bas

AU - Hagemeister, Carmen

AU - Loo, Becky P. Y.

AU - Niska, Anna

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Objectives To study cyclists’ share of transport modes (modal share) and single-bicycle crashes (SBCs) in different countries in order to investigate if the proportion of cyclist injuries resulting from SBCs is affected by variation in modal share.Methods A literature search identified figures (largely from western countries) on SBC casualties who are fatally injured, hospitalised or treated at an emergency department. Correlation and regression analyses were used to investigate how bicycle modal share is related to SBCs.Results On average, 17% of fatal injuries to cyclists are caused by SBCs. Different countries show a range of values between 5% and 30%. Between 60% and 95% of cyclists admitted to hospitals or treated at emergency departments are victims of SBCs. The proportion of all injured cyclists who are injured in SBCs is unrelated to the share of cycling in the modal split. The share of SBC casualties among the total number of road crash casualties increases proportionally less than the increase in bicycle modal share.Conclusions While most fatal injuries among cyclists are due to motor vehicle–bicycle crashes, most hospital admissions and emergency department attendances result from SBCs. As found in previous studies of cyclists injured in collisions, this study found that the increase in the number of SBC casualties is proportionally less than the increase in bicycle modal share.

AB - Objectives To study cyclists’ share of transport modes (modal share) and single-bicycle crashes (SBCs) in different countries in order to investigate if the proportion of cyclist injuries resulting from SBCs is affected by variation in modal share.Methods A literature search identified figures (largely from western countries) on SBC casualties who are fatally injured, hospitalised or treated at an emergency department. Correlation and regression analyses were used to investigate how bicycle modal share is related to SBCs.Results On average, 17% of fatal injuries to cyclists are caused by SBCs. Different countries show a range of values between 5% and 30%. Between 60% and 95% of cyclists admitted to hospitals or treated at emergency departments are victims of SBCs. The proportion of all injured cyclists who are injured in SBCs is unrelated to the share of cycling in the modal split. The share of SBC casualties among the total number of road crash casualties increases proportionally less than the increase in bicycle modal share.Conclusions While most fatal injuries among cyclists are due to motor vehicle–bicycle crashes, most hospital admissions and emergency department attendances result from SBCs. As found in previous studies of cyclists injured in collisions, this study found that the increase in the number of SBC casualties is proportionally less than the increase in bicycle modal share.

KW - Road Safety

KW - Single accident

KW - bicycle

KW - Dark Figure

U2 - 10.1136/injuryprev-2013-040964

DO - 10.1136/injuryprev-2013-040964

M3 - Journal article

VL - 21

SP - e138-e143

JO - Injury Prevention

JF - Injury Prevention

SN - 1353-8047

ER -