Antisense-oligonucleotide-mediated perturbation of long non-coding RNA reveals functional features in stem cells and across cell types

Chi Wai Yip, Chung-Chau Hon, Kayoko Yasuzawa, Divya M. Sivaraman, Jordan A. Ramilowski, Youtaro Shibayama, Saumya Agrawal, Anika V Prabhu, Callum Parr, Jessica Severin, Yan Jun Lan, Josée Dostie, Andreas Petri, Hiromi Nishiyori-Sueki, Michihira Tagami, Masayoshi Itoh, Fernando López-Redondo, Tsukasa Kouno, Jen-Chien Chang, Joachim LuginbühlMasaki Kato, Mitsuyoshi Murata, Wing Hin Yip, Xufeng Shu, Imad Abugessaisa, Akira Hasegawa, Harukazu Suzuki, Sakari Kauppinen, Ken Yagi, Yasushi Okazaki, Takeya Kasukawa, Michiel de Hoon, Piero Carninci, Jay W. Shin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Within the scope of the FANTOM6 consortium, we perform a large-scale knockdown of 200 long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and systematically characterize their roles in self-renewal and pluripotency. We find 36 lncRNAs (18%) exhibiting cell growth inhibition. From the knockdown of 123 lncRNAs with transcriptome profiling, 36 lncRNAs (29.3%) show molecular phenotypes. Integrating the molecular phenotypes with chromatin-interaction assays further reveals cis- and trans-interacting partners as potential primary targets. Additionally, cell-type enrichment analysis identifies lncRNAs associated with pluripotency, while the knockdown of LINC02595, CATG00000090305.1, and RP11-148B6.2 modulates colony formation of iPSCs. We compare our results with previously published fibroblasts phenotyping data and find that 2.9% of the lncRNAs exhibit a consistent cell growth phenotype, whereas we observe 58.3% agreement in molecular phenotypes. This highlights that molecular phenotyping is more comprehensive in revealing affected pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111893
JournalCell reports
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 27 Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Embryonic Stem Cells/metabolism
  • Gene Expression Profiling/methods
  • Humans
  • Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells/metabolism
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense
  • RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
  • CAGE
  • CP: Stem cell research
  • iPSC
  • functional annotation
  • gapmer ASO
  • CP: Molecular biology
  • long non-coding RNA


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