Biomass co-firing

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11 Citations (Scopus)


Co-firing biomass with fossil fuels in existing power plants is an attractive option for significantly increasing renewable energy resource utilization and reducing CO2 emissions. This chapter mainly discusses three direct co-firing technologies: pulverized-fuel (PF) boilers, fluidized-bed combustion (FBC) systems, and grate-firing systems, which are employed in about 50%, 40% and 10% of all the co-firing plants, respectively. Their basic principles, process technologies, advantages, and limitations are presented, followed by a brief comparison of these technologies when applied to biomass co-firing. This chapter also briefly introduces indirect co-firing and parallel co-firing and their application status.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiomass combustion science, technology and engineering
EditorsLasse Rosendahl
Number of pages22
Place of PublicationCambridge, UK
PublisherWoodhead Publishing
Publication dateApr 2013
ISBN (Print)978-0-85709-131-4, 0 85709 131 X
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-85709-743-9
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013
SeriesWoodhead Publishing Series in Energy


  • biomass co-firing
  • pulverized-fuel combustion
  • fluidized-bed combustion
  • grate-firing
  • carbon dioxide reduction


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