Biomimetic aquaporin forward osmosis membrane for removal of frequently found pesticides from danish groundwater network

Mahdi Nikbakht Fini, Henrik Tækker Madsen, Jens Muff

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Abstract

Forward osmosis (FO) process has gained a critical attention in recent years due to its decreased energy requirements as well as less fouling risks. However, the challenge has been to find an FO membrane offering sufficient rejection of uncharged micropollutants while maintaining a reasonable water flux. Among FO membranes, by incorporating aquaporin proteins in the membrane selective layer, aquaporin membrane offers the possibility of having a high rejection without compromising water flux resulting in a higher permeability compared to the other traditional FO membranes. However, their potential for removal of micropollutant is not widely studied. In this study, the performance of the membrane was for the first time investigated in a conventional FO setup for removal of three frequently detected pesticides in groundwater wells in Denmark; 2-6 dichloro-benzamide (BAM), 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyaceticacid (MCPA), and methylchlorophenoxypropionic acid (MCPP).
The aquaporin FO membrane was found to reject all targeted pesticides at initial levels over 93% for BAM and up to 97% for MCPP. The rejection of pesticides increased up to approximately 99% by the time. The permeate flux, in addition, was observed to be 15 LMH at the beginning and dropped down to around 13 LMH over time probably due to adsorption of solutes on the membrane. This can be stated by comparing the permeate flux for feed water (spiked with pesticides) with pure water in which permeate flux was observed to remain almost constant around 15 LMH.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date31 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2018
EventNordic Filtration Symposium - Utzon Centeret, Aalborg, Denmark
Duration: 29 Aug 201831 Aug 2018
Conference number: 17

Conference

ConferenceNordic Filtration Symposium
Number17
LocationUtzon Centeret
CountryDenmark
CityAalborg
Period29/08/201831/08/2018

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