Botulinum toxin complications in registered and off-label aesthetic indications

Marina Landau, Mark S Nestor, Ada Trindade de Almeida, Firas Al-Niaimi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Botulinum toxin A (BTXA) is one of the most popular nonsurgical cosmetic procedures worldwide. Overall, this procedure is associated with favorable complications profile. Nevertheless, any medical intervention carries inherent risks. This synopsis systematically reviews adverse effects of aesthetic BTXA for both approved and off-label indications. Based on published data, the approach for prevention and management is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)2484-2490
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • botulinum toxin
  • complications


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