Can Natural Convection on Smooth Vertical Plates in the Laminar Regime be Improved by Adding Forward Facing Triangular Roughness Elements?

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Vertical smooth surfaces are commonly used for transferring heat by natural convection. Many studies have tried altering smooth surfaces in various ways to increase heat transfer. Many of these studies fail to increase global heat transfer. The problem commonly reported is dead zones appearing just upstream and downstream obstructions that effectively decrease wall temperature gradients normal to the surface. In this study, we simulate how changes geometry of forward facing triangular roughness elements affect local and global heat transfer for isothermal plates.

We change the aspect ratio of the triangular elements from L/h=5 to L/h=40 at Grashof numbers of Gr_L=8.0 * 10^4 and Gr_L=6.4 * 10^5. In all cases the flow remains laminar. Even when accounting for the increase in surface area, we keep observing a decrease in global heat transfer compared to the smooth vertical plate. However, the results show by carefully selecting the aspect ratio and pitch distance of the triangular elements based on the Grashof number, the dead zone behind the horizontal part can be eliminated thereby significantly increasing local heat transfer. This observation could help to improve cooling of electronics with high localised heat fluxes.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME - JSME - KSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference 2019
Number of pages7
Publication date5 Mar 2019
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 5 Mar 2019

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roughness
heat transfer
convection
temperature gradient
heat flux
surface area
cooling
geometry

Cite this

@inproceedings{46ecf1a884cf44db86a7d3509af709f8,
title = "Can Natural Convection on Smooth Vertical Plates in the Laminar Regime be Improved by Adding Forward Facing Triangular Roughness Elements?",
abstract = "Vertical smooth surfaces are commonly used for transferring heat by natural convection. Many studies have tried altering smooth surfaces in various ways to increase heat transfer. Many of these studies fail to increase global heat transfer. The problem commonly reported is dead zones appearing just upstream and downstream obstructions that effectively decrease wall temperature gradients normal to the surface. In this study, we simulate how changes geometry of forward facing triangular roughness elements affect local and global heat transfer for isothermal plates. We change the aspect ratio of the triangular elements from L/h=5 to L/h=40 at Grashof numbers of Gr_L=8.0 * 10^4 and Gr_L=6.4 * 10^5. In all cases the flow remains laminar. Even when accounting for the increase in surface area, we keep observing a decrease in global heat transfer compared to the smooth vertical plate. However, the results show by carefully selecting the aspect ratio and pitch distance of the triangular elements based on the Grashof number, the dead zone behind the horizontal part can be eliminated thereby significantly increasing local heat transfer. This observation could help to improve cooling of electronics with high localised heat fluxes.",
author = "Jakob H{\ae}rvig and Jensen, {Anna Lyhne} and Henrik S{\o}rensen",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "5",
language = "English",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the ASME - JSME - KSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference 2019",

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Can Natural Convection on Smooth Vertical Plates in the Laminar Regime be Improved by Adding Forward Facing Triangular Roughness Elements? / Hærvig, Jakob; Jensen, Anna Lyhne; Sørensen, Henrik.

Proceedings of the ASME - JSME - KSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference 2019. 2019.

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Can Natural Convection on Smooth Vertical Plates in the Laminar Regime be Improved by Adding Forward Facing Triangular Roughness Elements?

AU - Hærvig, Jakob

AU - Jensen, Anna Lyhne

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PY - 2019/3/5

Y1 - 2019/3/5

N2 - Vertical smooth surfaces are commonly used for transferring heat by natural convection. Many studies have tried altering smooth surfaces in various ways to increase heat transfer. Many of these studies fail to increase global heat transfer. The problem commonly reported is dead zones appearing just upstream and downstream obstructions that effectively decrease wall temperature gradients normal to the surface. In this study, we simulate how changes geometry of forward facing triangular roughness elements affect local and global heat transfer for isothermal plates. We change the aspect ratio of the triangular elements from L/h=5 to L/h=40 at Grashof numbers of Gr_L=8.0 * 10^4 and Gr_L=6.4 * 10^5. In all cases the flow remains laminar. Even when accounting for the increase in surface area, we keep observing a decrease in global heat transfer compared to the smooth vertical plate. However, the results show by carefully selecting the aspect ratio and pitch distance of the triangular elements based on the Grashof number, the dead zone behind the horizontal part can be eliminated thereby significantly increasing local heat transfer. This observation could help to improve cooling of electronics with high localised heat fluxes.

AB - Vertical smooth surfaces are commonly used for transferring heat by natural convection. Many studies have tried altering smooth surfaces in various ways to increase heat transfer. Many of these studies fail to increase global heat transfer. The problem commonly reported is dead zones appearing just upstream and downstream obstructions that effectively decrease wall temperature gradients normal to the surface. In this study, we simulate how changes geometry of forward facing triangular roughness elements affect local and global heat transfer for isothermal plates. We change the aspect ratio of the triangular elements from L/h=5 to L/h=40 at Grashof numbers of Gr_L=8.0 * 10^4 and Gr_L=6.4 * 10^5. In all cases the flow remains laminar. Even when accounting for the increase in surface area, we keep observing a decrease in global heat transfer compared to the smooth vertical plate. However, the results show by carefully selecting the aspect ratio and pitch distance of the triangular elements based on the Grashof number, the dead zone behind the horizontal part can be eliminated thereby significantly increasing local heat transfer. This observation could help to improve cooling of electronics with high localised heat fluxes.

M3 - Article in proceeding

BT - Proceedings of the ASME - JSME - KSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference 2019

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