Coenzyme A (CoA) is an essential co-factor required for intermediary metabolism. Perturbations in homeostasis of CoA have been implicated in various pathologies; however, whether CoA homeostasis is changed and the extent to which CoA levels contribute to ventricular function and remodeling during pressure overload has not been explored. In this study, we sought to assess changes in CoA biosynthetic pathway during pressure overload and determine the impact of limiting CoA on cardiac function. We limited cardiac CoA levels by deleting the rate limiting enzyme in CoA biosynthesis, Pank1. We found that constitutive, cardiomyocyte-specific Pank1 deletion (cmPank1-/-) significantly reduced PANK1 mRNA, PANK1 protein, and CoA levels compared to Pank1 sufficient littermates (cmPank1+/+) but exerted no obvious deleterious impact on the mice at baseline. We then subjected both groups of mice to pressure overload-induced heart failure. Interestingly, there was more ventricular dilation in cmPank1-/- during pressure overload. To explore potential mechanisms contributing to this phenotype, we performed transcriptomic profiling, which suggested a role for Pank1 in regulating fibrotic and metabolic processes during pressure overload. Indeed, Pank1 deletion exacerbated cardiac fibrosis following pressure overload. Because we were interested in the possibility of early metabolic impacts in response to pressure overload, we performed untargeted metabolomics, which indicated significant changes to metabolites involved in fatty acid and ketone metabolism, among other pathways. Collectively, our study underscores the role of elevated CoA levels in supporting fatty acid and ketone body oxidation, which may be more important than CoA-driven, enzyme-independent acetylation in the failing heart.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2021|
- CoA metabolism
- Heart failure
- Pantothenate kinase 1