BACKGROUND: Most rhythmic masticatory muscle activities (RMMAs) have been shown to be accompanied with limb movements (LMs) in sleep bruxism (SB) patients during sleep.
OBJECTIVES: To compare the relationships between RMMAs and LMs in SB patients and normal subjects.
METHODS: Polysomnographic recordings were performed on eight SB patients and nine normal subjects and the frequencies and durations of RMMAs as well as LMs were determined. Linear regression and correlation analysis was performed to study the relationship between durations of RMMAs and LMs when RMMAs occurred with LMs.
RESULTS: Most LMs in SB patients, but not in normal subjects, were accompanied with RMMAs. RMMAs in SB patients were more likely to be isolated, phasic or mixed, while RMMAs in normal subjects were more likely to be tonic. The frequencies of LMs, isolated RMMAs and RMMAs accompanied with LMs in SB patients were significantly higher than those in normal subjects. Furthermore, linear regression and correlation analysis showed that duration of RMMAs was significantly associated with that of LMs when RMMAs occurred with LMs. The duration of RMMAs, when accompanied with LMs, in SB patients was significantly longer than that in normal subjects.
CONCLUSIONS: Close relationships between LMs and RMMAs exist in SB patients and normal subjects, and SB episodes may be part of cortical arousal responses and the increased cortical activities associated with SB episodes may not just be localized to the central nervous system (CNS) that controls jaw movements but may also include other parts of CNS that controls LMs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Bibliographical note© 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [Characterisation of the relationships between rhythmic masticatory muscle activities and limb movements in patients with sleep bruxism], which has been published in final form at [10.1111/joor.12760]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
- jaw movements
- limb movements
- rhythmic masticatory muscle activities
- sleep bruxism