Combining nano-silicon with oxide glass in anodes for Li-ion batteries

Jiajia Yan, K. Zheng, N. Shi, X.L. Ren, H.M. Zhou, H.Z. Tao, J.J. Ren, A. Qiao, Y.F. Zhang*, Yuanzheng Yue*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Vanadium-tellurite glasses (VT) have emerged as promising anode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Despite this, the Li-ion storage capacity of the VT glass anode is still insufficient to meet the demands for the next generation of advanced LIBs. Silicon (Si) anode has ultrahigh theoretical capacity but suffers from significant volume expansion during lithiation and delithiation. In this work, we combined Si nanoparticles with VT glass to prepare Si@VT composite anode for LIBs. The composite was produced through heat-treatment at different temperatures, some of which were hot-pressed under the isostatic pressure of 100 MPa. The Si@VT composite exhibited a synergistic effect that integrated the strengths of both VT glass and Si, resulting in a substantial enhancement of its electrochemical performance. The systematic characterizations of the composite-based anodes revealed the optimal conditions for fabricating the high-performance Si@VT composite: a silicon fraction of 10 wt% and a hot-pressing temperature of 620 K. This composite stood out as the optimal choice, exhibiting a capacity of 353 mA h g−1 at 1 A g−1 after 1000 cycles. This capacity surpasses that of VT glass anode by over threefold and that of pure Si anode by twelvefold.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122964
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume633
Number of pages8
ISSN0022-3093
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2024

Keywords

  • Anode
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Si@glass composite
  • Silicon (Si)
  • Vanadium-tellurite glass

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