Conceptual design of an integrated hydrothermal liquefaction and biogas plant for sustainable bioenergy production

Jessica Hoffmann, Souman Rudra, Saqib Toor, Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen, Lasse Rosendahl

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27 Citations (Scopus)


Initial process studies carried out in Aspen Plus on an integrated thermochemical conversion process are presented herein. In the simulations, a hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) plant is combined with a biogas plant (BP), such that the digestate from the BP is converted to a biocrude in the HTL process. This biorefinery concept offers a sophisticated and sustainable way of converting organic residuals into a range of high-value biofuel streams in addition to combined heat and power (CHP) production. The primary goal of this study is to provide an initial estimate of the feasibility of such a process. By adding a diesel-quality-fuel output to the process, the product value is increased significantly compared to a conventional BP. An input of 1000 kg h−1 manure delivers approximately 30–38 kg h−1 fuel and 38–61 kg h−1 biogas. The biogas can be used to upgrade the biocrude, to supply the gas grid or for CHP. An estimated 62–84% of the biomass energy can be recovered in the biofuels.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBioresource Technology
Pages (from-to)402-410
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013


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