Conceptual Framework of Antecedents to Trends on Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators for Wind Energy Conversion Systems

K. Padmanathan, N Kamalakannan, Padmanaban Sanjeevikumar, Frede Blaabjerg, Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen, Uma Govindarajan, Arul Rajagopalan, R. Rajesh, A. Srinivasan, J. Baskaran

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) plays an inevitable role across the world. WECS consist of many components and equipment’s such as turbines, hub assembly, yaw mechanism, electrical machines; power electronics based power conditioning units, protection devices, rotor, blades, main shaft, gear-box, mainframe, transmission systems and etc. These machinery and devices technologies have been developed on gradually and steadily. The electrical machine used to convert mechanical rotational energy into electrical energy is the core of any WECS. Many electrical machines (generator) has been used in WECS, among the generators the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators (PMSGs) have gained special focus, been connected with wind farms to become the most desirable due to its enhanced efficiency in power conversion from wind energy turbine. This article provides a review of literatures and highlights the updates, progresses, and revolutionary trends observed in WECS-based PMSGs. The study also compares the geared and direct-driven conversion systems. Further, the classifications of electrical machines that are utilized in WECS are also discussed. The literature review covers the analysis of design aspects by taking various topologies of PMSGs into consideration. In the final sections, the PMSGs are reviewed and compared for further investigations. This review article predominantly emphasizes the conceptual framework that shed insights on the research challenges present in conducting the proposed works such as analysis, suitability, design, and control of PMSGs for WECS.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2616
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number13
Number of pages39
ISSN1996-1073
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

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Wind Energy
Permanent Magnet
Synchronous generators
Energy conversion
Wind power
Permanent magnets
Generator
Electrical Machines
Turbine
Turbines
Trends
Framework
Gearbox
Power Electronics
Literature Review
Power electronics
Farms
Turbomachine blades
Machinery
Energy

Keywords

  • Permanent magnet synchronous generators
  • Wind energy conversion system
  • Finite element analysis
  • Soft computing techniques

Cite this

Padmanathan, K. ; Kamalakannan, N ; Sanjeevikumar, Padmanaban ; Blaabjerg, Frede ; Holm-Nielsen, Jens Bo ; Govindarajan, Uma ; Rajagopalan, Arul ; Rajesh, R. ; Srinivasan, A. ; Baskaran, J. / Conceptual Framework of Antecedents to Trends on Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators for Wind Energy Conversion Systems. In: Energies. 2019 ; Vol. 12, No. 13.
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Conceptual Framework of Antecedents to Trends on Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators for Wind Energy Conversion Systems. / Padmanathan, K.; Kamalakannan, N; Sanjeevikumar, Padmanaban; Blaabjerg, Frede; Holm-Nielsen, Jens Bo; Govindarajan, Uma; Rajagopalan, Arul; Rajesh, R.; Srinivasan, A.; Baskaran, J.

In: Energies, Vol. 12, No. 13, 2616, 07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Conceptual Framework of Antecedents to Trends on Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators for Wind Energy Conversion Systems

AU - Padmanathan, K.

AU - Kamalakannan, N

AU - Sanjeevikumar, Padmanaban

AU - Blaabjerg, Frede

AU - Holm-Nielsen, Jens Bo

AU - Govindarajan, Uma

AU - Rajagopalan, Arul

AU - Rajesh, R.

AU - Srinivasan, A.

AU - Baskaran, J.

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) plays an inevitable role across the world. WECS consist of many components and equipment’s such as turbines, hub assembly, yaw mechanism, electrical machines; power electronics based power conditioning units, protection devices, rotor, blades, main shaft, gear-box, mainframe, transmission systems and etc. These machinery and devices technologies have been developed on gradually and steadily. The electrical machine used to convert mechanical rotational energy into electrical energy is the core of any WECS. Many electrical machines (generator) has been used in WECS, among the generators the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators (PMSGs) have gained special focus, been connected with wind farms to become the most desirable due to its enhanced efficiency in power conversion from wind energy turbine. This article provides a review of literatures and highlights the updates, progresses, and revolutionary trends observed in WECS-based PMSGs. The study also compares the geared and direct-driven conversion systems. Further, the classifications of electrical machines that are utilized in WECS are also discussed. The literature review covers the analysis of design aspects by taking various topologies of PMSGs into consideration. In the final sections, the PMSGs are reviewed and compared for further investigations. This review article predominantly emphasizes the conceptual framework that shed insights on the research challenges present in conducting the proposed works such as analysis, suitability, design, and control of PMSGs for WECS.

AB - Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) plays an inevitable role across the world. WECS consist of many components and equipment’s such as turbines, hub assembly, yaw mechanism, electrical machines; power electronics based power conditioning units, protection devices, rotor, blades, main shaft, gear-box, mainframe, transmission systems and etc. These machinery and devices technologies have been developed on gradually and steadily. The electrical machine used to convert mechanical rotational energy into electrical energy is the core of any WECS. Many electrical machines (generator) has been used in WECS, among the generators the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators (PMSGs) have gained special focus, been connected with wind farms to become the most desirable due to its enhanced efficiency in power conversion from wind energy turbine. This article provides a review of literatures and highlights the updates, progresses, and revolutionary trends observed in WECS-based PMSGs. The study also compares the geared and direct-driven conversion systems. Further, the classifications of electrical machines that are utilized in WECS are also discussed. The literature review covers the analysis of design aspects by taking various topologies of PMSGs into consideration. In the final sections, the PMSGs are reviewed and compared for further investigations. This review article predominantly emphasizes the conceptual framework that shed insights on the research challenges present in conducting the proposed works such as analysis, suitability, design, and control of PMSGs for WECS.

KW - Permanent magnet synchronous generators

KW - Wind energy conversion system

KW - Finite element analysis

KW - Soft computing techniques

U2 - 10.3390/en12132616

DO - 10.3390/en12132616

M3 - Review article

VL - 12

JO - Energies

JF - Energies

SN - 1996-1073

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M1 - 2616

ER -